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HTML5 - MathML Tutorial


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The HTML syntax of HTML5 allows for MathML elements to be used inside a document using <math>...</math> tags.

Most of the web browsers can display MathML tags. If your browser does not support MathML, then I would suggest you to use latest version of Firefox.

You can check W3 Specification for MathML at MathML 2.0 Specification.

MathML Examples:

Following is a valid HTML5 document with MathML:

<!doctype html>
  <html>
  <head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <title>Pythagorean theorem</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <math xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML">
      <mrow>
        <msup><mi>a</mi><mn>2</mn></msup>
        <mo>+</mo>
        <msup><mi>b</mi><mn>2</mn></msup>
        <mo>=</mo>
        <msup><mi>c</mi><mn>2</mn></msup>
      </mrow>
    </math>
  </body>
</html> 

This would produce following result:

a2 + b2 = c2

To learn above concept - Do Online Practice using Firefox 3.7 or higher version.

Using MathML Characters:

Consider, following is the markup which makes use of the characters &InvisibleTimes;:

<!doctype html>
  <html>
  <head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <title>MathML Examples</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <math xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML">
       <mrow>
          <mrow>
             <msup>
                <mi>x</mi>
                <mn>2</mn>
             </msup>
             <mo>+</mo>
             <mrow>
                <mn>4</mn>
                <mo>⁢</mo>
                <mi>x</mi>
             </mrow>
             <mo>+</mo>
             <mn>4</mn>
          </mrow>
             <mo>=</mo>
             <mn>0</mn>
        </mrow>
   </math>
</body>
</html> 

This would produce following result. If you are not able to see proper result like x2 + 4x + 4 = 0, then use Firefox 3.5 or higer version.

x2 + 4x + 4 = 0

To learn above concept - Do Online Practice using Firefox 3.7 or higher version.

Matrix Presentation Examples:

Consider the following example which would be used to represent a simple 2x2 matrix:

<!doctype html>
  <html>
  <head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <title>MathML Examples</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <math xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML">
       <mrow>
          <mi>A</mi>
          <mo>=</mo>
          <mfenced open="[" close="]">
             <mtable>
                <mtr>
                   <mtd><mi>x</mi></mtd>
                   <mtd><mi>y</mi></mtd>
                </mtr>
                <mtr>
                   <mtd><mi>z</mi></mtd>
                   <mtd><mi>w</mi></mtd>
                </mtr>
             </mtable>
         </mfenced>
      </mrow>
   </math>
</body>
</html> 

This would produce following result. If you are not able to see proper result, then use Firefox 3.5 or higer version.

MathML

To learn above concept - Do Online Practice using Firefox 3.7 or higher version.



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