Mediator Pattern

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Mediator pattern is used to reduce communication complexity between multiple objects or classes. This pattern provides a mediator class which normally handles all the communications between different classes and supports easy maintainability of the code by loose coupling. Mediator pattern falls under behavioral pattern category.

Implementation

We're demonstrating mediator pattern by example of a Chat Room where multiple users can send message to Chat Room and it is the responsibility of Chat Room to show the messages to all users. We've created two classes ChatRoom and User. User objects will use ChatRoom method to share their messages.

MediatorPatternDemo, our demo class will use User objects to show communication between them.

Mediator Pattern UML Diagram

Step 1

Create mediator class.

ChatRoom.java

import java.util.Date;

public class ChatRoom {
   public static void showMessage(User user, String message){
      System.out.println(new Date().toString()
         + " [" + user.getName() +"] : " + message);
   }
}

Step 2

Create user class

User.java

public class User {
   private String name;

   public String getName() {
      return name;
   }

   public void setName(String name) {
      this.name = name;
   }

   public User(String name){
      this.name  = name;
   }

   public void sendMessage(String message){
      ChatRoom.showMessage(this,message);
   }
}

Step 3

Use the User object to show communications between them.

MediatorPatternDemo.java

public class MediatorPatternDemo {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      User robert = new User("Robert");
      User john = new User("John");

      robert.sendMessage("Hi! John!");
      john.sendMessage("Hello! Robert!");
   }
}

Step 4

Verify the output.

Thu Jan 31 16:05:46 IST 2013 [Robert] : Hi! John!
Thu Jan 31 16:05:46 IST 2013 [John] : Hello! Robert!


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