C library function - atan2()

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Description

The C library function double atan2(doubly y, double x) returns the arc tangent in radians of y/x based on the signs of both values to determine the correct quadrant.

Declaration

Following is the declaration for atan2() function.

double atan2(doubly y, double x)

Parameters

  • x -- This is the floating point value representing an x-coordinate.

  • y -- This is the floating point value representing an y-coordinate.

Return Value

This function returns the principal arc tangent of y/x, in the interval [-pi,+pi] radians.

Example

The following example shows the usage of atan2() function.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>

#define PI 3.14159265

int main ()
{
   double x, y, ret, val;

   x = -7.0;
   y = 7.0;
   val = 180.0 / PI;

   ret = atan2 (y,x) * val;
   printf("The arc tangent of x = %lf, y = %lf ", x, y);
   printf("is %lf degrees\n", ret);
  
   return(0);
}

Let us compile and run the above program, this will produce the following result:

The arc tangent of x = -7.000000, y = 7.000000 is 135.000000 degrees


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