Remove white border when using subplot and imshow in Python Matplotlib

To remove white border when using subplot and imshow(), we can take the following steps −

  • Set the figure size and adjust the padding between and around the subplots.
  • Create random data points using numpy.
  • Get the size of the data.
  • Set the figure sizes in inches.
  • Get the axes instance that contains most of the figure element.
  • Turn off the axes.
  • Add axes to the figure.
  • Display the data as an image, i.e., on a 2D regular raster.
  • To display the figure, use show() method.


import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

plt.rcParams["figure.figsize"] = [7.00, 3.50]
plt.rcParams["figure.autolayout"] = True

data = np.random.randint(0, 50, (50, 50))
sizes = np.shape(data)

fig = plt.figure()
fig.set_size_inches(1. * sizes[0] / sizes[1], 1, forward=False)

ax = plt.Axes(fig, [0., 0., 1., 1.])



It will produce the following output