Defining a discrete colormap for imshow in Matplotlib

To define a discrete colormap for imshow in matplotlib, we can take following the steps −

  • Create data using numpy.

  • Initialize the data using get_cmap, so that scatter knows.

  • Using imshow() method with colormap, display the data as an image, i.e., on a 2D regular raster.

  • Create the colorbar using the colorbar() method.

  • To display the figure, use the show() method.


import numpy as np
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
import matplotlib
plt.rcParams["figure.figsize"] = [7.50, 3.50]
plt.rcParams["figure.autolayout"] = True
data = np.random.rand(10, 10)
cmap ='Paired_r', 10)
plt.imshow(data, cmap=cmap)


Updated on: 09-Apr-2021

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