# How to hide axes but keep axis-labels in 3D Plot with Matplotlib?

To hide axes but keep axis-labels in 3D plot with Matplotlib, we can take the following steps −

• Set the figure size and adjust the padding between and around the subplots.
• Create a new figure or activate an existing figure.
• Add an '~.axes.Axes' to the figure as part of a subplot arrangement.
• Create x, y, z, dx, dy and dz data points using numpy
• Use bar3d() method to plot the 3D bars.
• To hide the axes, initialize a color tuple, the same as axes color.
• Set x, y and z axes plane color property same with the color tuple.
• Set x, y and z axes line color property same with the color tuple.
• Set empty ticks to the x, y and z axes.
• Set x, y and z axes labels.
• To display the figure, use show() method.

## Example

import numpy as np
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt

plt.rcParams["figure.figsize"] = [7.50, 3.50]
plt.rcParams["figure.autolayout"] = True

fig = plt.figure()

x = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
y = [5, 6, 7, 8, 2, 5, 6, 3, 7, 2]
z = np.zeros(10)

dx = np.ones(10)
dy = np.ones(10)
dz = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]

ax.bar3d(x, y, z, dx, dy, dz, color="green")
color_tuple = (1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 0.0)

ax.w_xaxis.set_pane_color(color_tuple)
ax.w_yaxis.set_pane_color(color_tuple)
ax.w_zaxis.set_pane_color(color_tuple)
ax.w_xaxis.line.set_color(color_tuple)
ax.w_yaxis.line.set_color(color_tuple)
ax.w_zaxis.line.set_color(color_tuple)

ax.set_xticks([])
ax.set_yticks([])
ax.set_zticks([])

ax.set_xlabel('X-Axis')
ax.set_ylabel('Y-Axis')
ax.set_zlabel('Z-Axis')

plt.show()

## Output

Updated on: 03-Jun-2021

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