How to create custom errors in Golang

Go ProgrammingServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Golang provides us with different approaches that we can use to print custom errors. We will explore two such approaches in this article.

The first approach requires us to make use of the error.New() function which will create a new error, and we can even pass a string of our choice inside it as an argument.

Example 1

Consider the code shown below.

package main

import (
   "errors"
   "fmt"
   "math"
)

func areaOfCircle(radius float64) (float64, error) {
   if radius < 0 {
      return 0, errors.New("Area calculation wrong, the radius is < zero")
   }
   return math.Pi * radius * radius, nil
}

func main() {
   radius := -10.0
   area, err := areaOfCircle(radius)
   if err != nil {
      fmt.Println(err)
      return
   }
   fmt.Printf("Area of circle %0.2f", area)
}

In the above code, we are trying to find the area of the circle, but we are passing the radius as negative which will return our error that we have created inside the areaOfCircle function.

Output

If we run the command go run main.go on the above code, we will get the following output in the terminal.

Area calculation wrong, the radius is < zero

Example 2

The other approach is to make use of fmt.Errorf() with the help of which we can pass formatted values as well.

Consider the code shown below.

package main

import (
   "fmt"
   "math"
)

func areaOfCircle(radius float64) (float64, error) {
   if radius < 0 {
      return 0, fmt.Errorf("Area calculation wrong, the radius %0.2f is < zero", radius)
   }
   return math.Pi * radius * radius, nil
}

func main() {
   radius := -10.0
   area, err := areaOfCircle(radius)
   if err != nil {
      fmt.Println(err)
      return
   }
   fmt.Printf("Area of circle %0.2f", area)
}

Output

If we run the command go run main.go on the above code, we will get the following output in the terminal.

Area calculation wrong, the radius -10.00 is < zero
raja
Published on 01-Nov-2021 06:54:16

Advertisements