How to create custom attributes in C#?

CsharpProgrammingServer Side Programming

Custom attributes that can be used to store declarative information and can be retrieved at run-time.

Let us see how to declare custom attribute.

[AttributeUsage (
AttributeTargets.Class |
AttributeTargets.Constructor |
AttributeTargets.Field |
AttributeTargets.Method |
AttributeTargets.Property,
AllowMultiple = true)]
public class DeBugInfo : System.Attribute

For our example, let us construct a custom attribute named DeBugInfo, which stores the information obtained by debugging any program.

The DeBugInfo class has three private properties for storing the first three information and a public property for storing the message. Hence the bug number, developer's name, and date of review are the positional parameters of the DeBugInfo class and the message is an optional or named parameter.

Each attribute must have at least one constructor. Let us see how to create a custom attribute.

Example

//a custom attribute BugFix to be assigned to a class and its members
[AttributeUsage (
AttributeTargets.Class |
AttributeTargets.Constructor |
AttributeTargets.Field |
AttributeTargets.Method |
AttributeTargets.Property,
AllowMultiple = true)]

public class DeBugInfo : System.Attribute {
   private int bugNo;
   private string developer;
   private string lastReview;
   public string message;
   public DeBugInfo(int bg, string dev, string d) {
      this.bugNo = bg;
      this.developer = dev;
      this.lastReview = d;
   }
   public int BugNo {
      get {
         return bugNo;
      }
   }
   public string Developer {
      get {
         return developer;
      }
   }
   public string LastReview {
      get {
         return lastReview;
      }
   }
   public string Message {
      get {
         return message;
      }
      set {
         message = value;
      }
   }
}
raja
Updated on 23-Jun-2020 12:08:35

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