Bubble plots are nothing but bubble charts which is basically a scatter plot with a third numeric variable used for circle size. In this chapter, we will focus on creation of bar count plot and histogram count plots which is considered as replica of bubble plots.
Following steps are used to create bubble plots and count charts with mentioned package −
Load the respective package and the required dataset to create the bubble plots and count charts.
> # Load ggplot > library(ggplot2) > > # Read in dataset > data(mpg) > head(mpg) # A tibble: 6 x 11 manufacturer model displ year cyl trans drv cty hwy fl class <chr> <chr> <dbl> <int> <int> <chr> <chr> <int> <int> <chr> <chr> 1 audi a4 1.8 1999 4 auto(l5) f 18 29 p compa~ 2 audi a4 1.8 1999 4 manual(m5) f 21 29 p compa~ 3 audi a4 2 2008 4 manual(m6) f 20 31 p compa~ 4 audi a4 2 2008 4 auto(av) f 21 30 p compa~ 5 audi a4 2.8 1999 6 auto(l5) f 16 26 p compa~ 6 audi a4 2.8 1999 6 manual(m5) f 18 26 p compa~
The bar count plot can be created using the following command −
> # A bar count plot > p <- ggplot(mpg, aes(x=factor(cyl)))+ + geom_bar(stat="count") > p
The histogram count plot can be created using the following command −
> # A historgram count plot > ggplot(data=mpg, aes(x=hwy)) + + geom_histogram( col="red", + fill="green", + alpha = .2, + binwidth = 5)
Now let us create the most basic bubble plot with the required attributes of increasing the dimension of points mentioned in scattered plot.
ggplot(mpg, aes(x=cty, y=hwy, size = pop)) +geom_point(alpha=0.7)
The plot describes the nature of manufacturers which is included in legend format. The values represented include various dimensions of “hwy” attribute.