{{ form.as_p }} – Render Django Forms as Paragraph

Django, a broadly used and effective web framework for Python, has made it less difficult for developers to create dynamic, information-driven web applications. One of the essential components of web packages is the capability to create and manage forms. Django affords a robust shape device that allows developers to fast create, validate, and process forms. In this post, we will explore a lesser-acknowledged feature of Django's form system - the {{ form.as_p }} method which makes it smooth to render forms as paragraphs.

Django Forms

Before diving into {{ form.as_p }}, let's briefly review how Django forms work. Django provides a Form class that can be used to define the structure and validation rules for a form. A typical form definition includes fields for user input, such as text fields, checkboxes, and dropdown menus. Each field can have associated validation rules, error messages, and other attributes.

When a form is submitted, Django automatically validates the input against the defined rules and populates a cleaned_data dictionary containing the sanitized user input. This makes it easy to process the submitted data and perform actions such as saving the information to a database.

Rendering Django Forms

One of the demanding situations of working with forms in web applications is rendering the form elements in HTML. Django affords numerous methods to render forms, together with manual rendering, loop-based rendering, and using integrated methods like {{ form.as_p }}, {{ form.as_table }}, and {{ form.as_ul }}.

The {{ form.as_p }} Method

The {{ form.as_p }} method is a convenient way to render a Django form as a series of paragraphs. When using this method, each form field is wrapped in a <p> (paragraph) element, making it simple to display the form in a clean and organized manner.

Step 1 βˆ’ In Views, create a Django form and pass it to your layout template context.

Step 2 βˆ’ In your template, create a form element with a method of "post".

Step 3 βˆ’ Add the {% csrf_token %} tag inside the form element to protect against CSRF attacks.

Step 4 βˆ’ Use {{ form.as_p }} inside the form element to render the form fields as paragraphs.

Step 5 βˆ’  Add a submit button to the form.

To use {{ form.as_p }}, simply include it in your template as follows βˆ’

<form method="post">
   {% csrf_token %}
   {{ form.as_p }}
   <button type="submit">Submit</button>

Advantages of {{ form.as_p }}

  • Simplicity βˆ’ The {{ form.as_p }} method offers a simple, out-of-the-box solution for rendering forms. It requires minimal effort and can save time during development.

  • Readability βˆ’ By wrapping each form field in a paragraph element, the form's structure becomes more readable and visually appealing to users.

  • Easy to style βˆ’ With each form field wrapped in a <p> element, it becomes easier to apply CSS styles to the form. You can target the <p> elements to apply consistent styles to each form field.

Potential Pitfalls and Solutions

While the {{ form.as_p }} method offers simplicity and readability, it may not be suitable for all use cases. Some potential drawbacks and their solutions are βˆ’

  • Lack of flexibility βˆ’ The {{ form.as_p }} method provides a fixed rendering format, which may not be ideal for complex or highly customized forms. In such cases, you can use manual rendering or loop-based rendering to gain more control over the form's HTML structure.

  • Limited error handling βˆ’ When using {{ form.as_p }}, error messages are displayed next to the corresponding form fields. This may not be ideal for some designs or user experiences. To overcome this limitation, you can manually render form fields and error messages using Django's form and field attributes.

  • Incompatibility with frontend frameworks βˆ’ Some frontend frameworks, like Bootstrap, require specific markup and classes to style form elements properly. The {{ form.as_p }} method may not generate the required markup for these frameworks. In these scenarios, you'll be able to make custom form layouts that incorporate the essential markup and classes or utilize third-party Django packages, such as 'django-bootstrap4' or 'django-crispy-forms', which give out-of-the-box back for well-known frontend frameworks.

Customizing {{ form.as_p }} with Bootstrap

To show how to customize {{ form.as_p }} for use with Bootstrap, we will make a custom template to render the form. The template will use Django's loop-based rendering to achieve the specified Bootstrap markup.

Step 1 βˆ’ To hold the custom form rendering code, generate a new layout file called 'bootstrap_form.html'

Step 2 βˆ’ Within the 'bootstrap_form.html' layout, utilize a loop to emphasize each form field.

Step 3 βˆ’ Wrap each shape field in a 'form-group' div and utilize the 'add_class' filter to include the 'form-control' lesson in the field.

Step 4 βˆ’ Check for field mistakes, and in case of display, show them inside an 'invalid-feedback' div.

Step 5 βˆ’ In your main form template, replace the {{ form.as_p }} line with an include statement that points to the 'bootstrap_form.html' template.

Step 6 βˆ’ In the form, add a submit button with Bootstrap classes

Next, insert the following code by creating a new file called 'bootstrap_form.html' in your templates folder

{% for field in form %}
   <div class="form-group">
   <label for="{{ field.auto_id }}">{{ field.label }}</label>
   {{ field|add_class:"form-control" }}
   {% if field.errors %}
      <div class="invalid-feedback">
         {% for error in field.errors %}
         {{ error }}
         {% endfor %}
   {% endif %}
{% endfor %}

To utilize the custom layout in your fundamental form format, change the {{ form.as_p }} line with the below code βˆ’

<form method="post">
   {% csrf_token %}
   {% include 'bootstrap_form.html' %}
   <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>


Django's {{ form.as_p }} method offers an easy and handy way to render forms as paragraphs, making it clean to create clean and prepared forms. While it could now not be appropriate for all use cases, specifically when operating with complicated designs or frontend frameworks, it can be custom designed or changed with different rendering methods to acquire the preferred result. By experiencing the benefits and boundaries of {{ form.as_p }}, you can make informed choices about the satisfactory way to render your Django forms and create visually appealing web applications.

Updated on: 09-May-2023


Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Get Started