Binary Tree Inorder Traversal in Python

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have a binary tree. We have to traverse this tree using the inorder traversal scheme without using recursion. So if the tree is like

Then the traversal will be [2,5,7,10,15,20]

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • Create two array res and stack, set curr := root
  • Run one infinite loop
    • while current is not null
      • push curr into a stack, and set curr := left of curr
    • when the length of stack = 0, then return res
    • node := popped element from the stack
    • insert a value of node into res
    • curr := right of curr

Example

Let us see the following implementation to get a better understanding −

 Live Demo

class TreeNode:
   def __init__(self, data, left = None, right = None):
      self.data = data
      self.left = left
      self.right = right
def insert(temp,data):
   que = []
   que.append(temp)
   while (len(que)):
      temp = que[0]
      que.pop(0)
      if (not temp.left):
         temp.left = TreeNode(data)
         break
      else:
         que.append(temp.left)
      if (not temp.right):
         temp.right = TreeNode(data)
         break
      else:
         que.append(temp.right)
def make_tree(elements):
   Tree = TreeNode(elements[0])
   for element in elements[1:]:
      insert(Tree, element)
   return Tree
class Solution(object):
   def inorderTraversal(self, root):
      res, stack = [], []
      current = root
      while True:
         while current:
            stack.append(current)
            current = current.left
         if len(stack) == 0:
            return res
         node = stack[-1]
         stack.pop(len(stack)-1)
         if node.data != None:
            res.append(node.data)
         current = node.right
      return res
ob1 = Solution()
root = make_tree([10,5,15,2,7,None,20])
print(ob1.inorderTraversal(root))

Input

[10,5,15,2,7,null,20]

Output

[2,5,7,10,15,20]
raja
Published on 31-Jan-2020 10:49:01
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