C++ Program to Perform Inorder Non-Recursive Traversal of a Given Binary Tree

If a binary tree is traversed in-order, the left subtree is visited first, then the root and later the right sub-tree. The output the key in ascending order in in_order traversal. This is a C++ Program for Inorder Tree Traversal without Recursion.


   Declare a structure n.
      Declare d of the integer datatype.
      Declare a pointer l against structure n.
      Declare a pointer r against structure n.
      Declare a constructor of structure n.
         Pass an integer variable d to parameter.
         this->d = d
         l = r = NULL
   Declare inOrder(struct n *root) function.
      Declare a stack s.
      Declare a pointer current against structure n.
         Initialize n *current = root.
      while (current != NULL || s.empty() == false)
         while (current != NULL)
            current = current->l
         current = s.top()
         print current->d.
         current = current->r.
   insert values in nodes of tree.
   Call inOrder(root) function to travern the tree.


 Live Demo

using namespace std;
struct n {
   int d;
   struct n* l;
   struct n* r;
   n (int d) {
      this->d = d;
      l = r = NULL;
void inOrder(struct n *root) {
   stack<n *> s;
   n *current = root;
   while (current != NULL || s.empty() == false) {
      while (current != NULL) {
         current = current->l;
      current = s.top();
      cout << current->d << " ";
      current = current->r;
int main() {
   struct n* root = new n(6);
   root->l = new n(4);
   root->r= new n(7);
   root->l->l = new n(8);
   root->l->r= new n(5);
   root->r->l = new n(9);
   root->r->r = new n(10);
   return 0;


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Updated on: 30-Jul-2019


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