JDBC - Create Tables Example


This chapter provides an example on how to create a table using JDBC application. Before executing the following example, make sure you have the following in place −

  • To execute the following example you can replace the username and password with your actual user name and password.

  • Your MySQL or whatever database you are using is up and running.

Required Steps

The following steps are required to create a new Database using JDBC application −

  • Import the packages: Requires that you include the packages containing the JDBC classes needed for database programming. Most often, using import java.sql.* will suffice.

  • Register the JDBC driver: Requires that you initialize a driver so you can open a communications channel with the database.

  • Open a connection: Requires using the DriverManager.getConnection() method to create a Connection object, which represents a physical connection with a database server.

  • Execute a query: Requires using an object of type Statement for building and submitting an SQL statement to create a table in a seleted database.

  • Clean up the environment: Requires explicitly closing all database resources versus relying on the JVM's garbage collection.

Sample Code

Copy and paste the following example in JDBCExample.java, compile and run as follows −

//STEP 1. Import required packages
import java.sql.*;

public class JDBCExample {
   // JDBC driver name and database URL
   static final String JDBC_DRIVER = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";  
   static final String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/STUDENTS";

   //  Database credentials
   static final String USER = "username";
   static final String PASS = "password";
   public static void main(String[] args) {
   Connection conn = null;
   Statement stmt = null;
      //STEP 2: Register JDBC driver

      //STEP 3: Open a connection
      System.out.println("Connecting to a selected database...");
      conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL, USER, PASS);
      System.out.println("Connected database successfully...");
      //STEP 4: Execute a query
      System.out.println("Creating table in given database...");
      stmt = conn.createStatement();
      String sql = "CREATE TABLE REGISTRATION " +
                   "(id INTEGER not NULL, " +
                   " first VARCHAR(255), " + 
                   " last VARCHAR(255), " + 
                   " age INTEGER, " + 
                   " PRIMARY KEY ( id ))"; 

      System.out.println("Created table in given database...");
   }catch(SQLException se){
      //Handle errors for JDBC
   }catch(Exception e){
      //Handle errors for Class.forName
      //finally block used to close resources
      }catch(SQLException se){
      }// do nothing
      }catch(SQLException se){
      }//end finally try
   }//end try
}//end main
}//end JDBCExample

Now, let us compile the above example as follows −

C:\>javac JDBCExample.java

When you run JDBCExample, it produces the following result −

C:\>java JDBCExample
Connecting to a selected database...
Connected database successfully...
Creating table in given database...
Created table in given database...