- Python Basic Tutorial
- Python - Home
- Python - Overview
- Python - Environment Setup
- Python - Basic Syntax
- Python - Comments
- Python - Variables
- Python - Data Types
- Python - Operators
- Python - Decision Making
- Python - Loops
- Python - Numbers
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- Python - Tuples
- Python - Dictionary
- Python - Date & Time
- Python - Functions
- Python - Modules
- Python - Files I/O
- Python - Exceptions
- Python Advanced Tutorial
- Python - Classes/Objects
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- Python - CGI Programming
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- Python - Networking
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- Python - Multithreading
- Python - XML Processing
- Python - GUI Programming
- Python - Further Extensions
Which is better: Python or C++?
In this article, we will explain the features of both python and C++, their Uses, and differences. So, let us decide which one is better either python or C++.
Python and C++ are 2 different languages with distinct features and behaviors. Both of these languages share one feature in common: extensive support for object-oriented programming.
But, deciding whether to utilize Python or C++ is frequently a challenging task because the two programming languages have quite different syntaxes, uses, and overall approaches to programming. While C++ is considered the best choice for large system development, it is also the most difficult programming language to learn and write in, which limits who can use it.
Python is a high-level, object-oriented, dynamic, and multipurpose programming language. Python's syntax, dynamic typing, and interpreted nature make it an excellent scripting language.It supports a variety of programming paradigms, including object-oriented, functional, and procedural styles. Additionally, because it is an interpreted language, it cannot be converted to computer-readable code before running at runtime.
Features of Python
Python is simple to learn and has a clear syntax.
It is extensible to a greater extent.
It is free, open-source, and cross-platform.
Python is an object-oriented programming language(OOPs) with high readability and reliability.
Python can be used for prototyping and testing code that will subsequently be utilized to create a full-fledged application using higher-level languages.
It comes with a large standard library that includes XML parsers excel interface and so on.
Uses of Python
Data analysis and machine learning— Python is frequently utilized in modern technologies such as Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning. Python's support for multiple libraries makes it ideal for developing machine-learning models.
Automation or scripting
Software testing and prototyping
It is a popular language in robotics and is often used for Robotic Process Automation.
What is C++?
C++ is a high-level general-purpose programming language that is commonly used in the development of big and complex systems. When comparing Python with C++, Python follows the "write once, run anywhere" principle, which means that one code will execute on all operating platforms. However, the C++ code must first compile on each operating system before it can be executed.
The most significant distinction between Python and C++ is that C++ source code must be converted to machine code. Python takes a different approach when it is interpreted. However, interpreting code is typically slower than directly running code on hardware.
Features of C++
C++ is a Compiled language
It is a strongly typed, case-sensitive language.
C++ is machine independent or portable and modular.
It is very fast and efficient
C++ is strongly syntax-based and powerful.
It makes use of pointers and has a large function library.
C++ is object-oriented programming. It is compatible with the OOP concepts like Classes and objects, Abstraction, Encapsulation, Polymorphism, and Inheritance
Uses of C++
C++ is a programming language used in game development. It can manage the complexity of 3D games and supports multilayer networking, allowing it to construct gaming systems and 3D games.
Because it is closer to the hardware, C++ is used to create compilers for other programming languages.
It is also important in software development. C++ is used to create powerful software programs; for example, sections of Adobe, Spotify, and Youtube are developed in C++.
C++ is also employed in the development of embedded systems. Because it is closer to the hardware, it is chosen for producing gadgets such as smartwatches, medical instruments, IoT devices, and so on.
C++ Vs Python
The following is the differences table between C++ and python −
|Code||The code of C++ is longer i.e, has more lines||In python, the code has fewer lines.|
|Nature of language||C++ is Statically typed||Python is Dynamically typed|
|Garbage Collection||Garbage collection is not supported by C++, but it can be implemented.||Supports garbage collection.|
|Portability||C++ is Not portable||Python is Portable|
|Syntax complexity||C++ has a stiff learning curve because of its many predefined syntaxes and structures. C++ utilizes 'this' to refer to class instances implicitly. Some C++ syntax is highly esoteric.||Python employs short-hand syntax and a number of short-hand structural iterators. Any class instance method requires 'self' as an argument. Some of the short-hand syntax is strange (for example, 'rkwargs'), but nothing in Python is truly esoteric.|
|Scope of the variables||The scope of variables is limited within the loops or blocks in C++.||It is accessible outside the loops or blocks.|
|Usage||Because C++ excels at hardware-level coding, it is commonly utilized to create embedded systems.||Python is commonly used in back-end programming and is widely employed in technologies such as machine learning, artificial intelligence, and so on.|
|Speed||C++ is faster once compiled in comparison with python.||Python is slower because it utilizes an interpreter and defines the data type at run time.|
|Rapid prototyping||Rapid prototyping is not possible in C++||It is possible in python|
|Efficiency||It is difficult to maintain. C-like syntax, strong OOP features including operator overloading, and the greatest compile-time optimizer are all available.||Python is easy to maintain. Specialized formatting not seen in other languages, script-like language, object-oriented capabilities, and code reuse via libraries|
|Extension||In C++, programs are saved with .py extension.||In Python, programs are saved with .cpp extension.|
|Functions||In C++, the function can accept and return the already defined type of value.||Python Functions have no limits on the type of argument or return value.|
|Types||In C++, data types are bound to names checked at compile time.||In python, Bound to values, checked at runtime.|
|Installation||Easy to install||Python is Difficult to install|
Which Should I USE: C++ or Python?
When it comes down to it, deciding between Python and C++ usually boils down to the type of software or program you want to create. C++ is widely used in embedded systems, 3D and graphic design software, game development, and the development of operating systems, web browsers, and portals. Python is a scripting language that excels in machine learning, data analysis, and backend web development.
If you need to quickly prototype an application, use Python over C++, as the latter cannot be used for rapid prototyping due to its vast code size.
If you want to create software or code that runs rapidly, use C++ over Python because it is considerably faster regardless of what you're doing.
When selecting a programming language, you should also select one that is appropriate for your level of experience. If you're just starting out, it's recommended that you start with Python before moving on to C++ because it's a much more beginner-friendly language that you can easily expand on over time.
Choosing a programming language so depends on your interests and needs. Anyway, in the world of programmers, knowing a few programming languages is never enough. So, if you can learn both, go for it.
Python is also a popular data analysis and machine learning language. While it is possible to use C++ for machine learning, it is not a good choice.
Is Python better than C++?
Yes. In terms of language simplicity and ease of use. Python can be learned just to gain a feel for programming. It lacks the mandatory braces and semicolons, as well as pointers, templates, STL, specified types, and so on.
So, as a programmer, if you want to learn a simple programming language, Python is far superior to C++. However, as we previously stated, it is dependent on the criteria.
Overall, Python beats C++ in terms of simplicity and syntax. However, C++ is better in terms of performance, speed, and vast of its application areas.
When comparing Python and C++, one conclusion emerges − Python is better for beginners due to its easy-to-read code and simple syntax. Furthermore, Python is a good choice for web development (back-end), whereas C++ is not widely used in web development of any kind.
When it comes to game development, C++ is the clear winner. Yes, Python can create simple games to help you understand the basic logic and steps involved in creating a game. C++, on the other hand, is an unstoppable leader in more sophisticated game development.
This conclusion also applies to the performance of C++ and Python: C++ is much faster than Python. After all, Python is an interpreted language that cannot compete with a compiled language like C++.
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