What You Need to Know About Migraine and Vertigo

Different degrees of vomiting, noise and light intolerance, and headaches happen of varying intensities. Some signs might appear before a migraine headache. Hormonal changes, specific foods and drinks, stress, and physical activity are triggers. The degree of pounding brought on by migraine headaches might vary. Other typical symptoms include dizziness and intolerance to noise and light. Migraine headaches can be controlled using preventive and painkilling medicines. 


Prodrome, aura, attack, and post-drome are the four main stages of migraines, which can afflict youngsters and teens along with grownups, can go through. Not all migraine sufferers go through each level; migraine discomfort is commonly described as:

  • Pulsating

  • Throbbing

  • Perforating

  • Pounding

  • Debilitating

It might also seem like a sharp, constant agony in other cases. Sometimes the discomfort is minor at first. However, it can worsen from mild to severe if left untreated.

Most migraine bouts last for four hours or less. They may last for up to a week if untreated or if therapy fails to relieve them. A migraine with aura may or may not have pain, which might co-occur with the aura.

Before the headache, migraine symptoms might start one to two days earlier. This phase is referred to as the prodrome. Throughout this phase, symptoms might include −

  • Desires for food

  • Depressive mental condition

  • Poor energy or weariness

  • Often yawning

  • Hyperactivity

  • Mood swings

  • Neck rigidity

The aura stage of a migraine develops following the prodrome phase. You could experience issues with your eyesight, feeling, movement, and speech when experiencing an aura.

The attack phase is the following stage. The period when the real migraine pain manifests itself is the most intense or acute. This may occur together with or during an aura in specific individuals. The duration of attack phase symptoms might range from hours to days. Migraine symptoms might vary from individual to individual.

Several signs might be

Increase in light and sound sensitivity, nausea, dizziness, or experiencing a mild headache on one part of the head, whether on the left or right, front or rear, or in your sinuses, as well as throbbing and pulsating headaches, nausea, and vomiting.

The postdrome phase generally follows the assault phase for an individual. Typically, mood and sentiments fluctuate throughout this phase. These emotions might range from being ecstatic and extraordinarily delighted to being worn out and uninterested. Sometimes a dull, slight headache lingers. Different people experience these periods at varying lengths and intensities. Occasionally, a phase is missed, and a migraine episode might happen without producing a headache.


Although they appear to be linked to genetics and changes in the brain, doctors are unsure of the precise etiology of migraine headaches. Even inherited migraine triggers like weariness, strong lights, or changes in the weather are possible.

For a long time, experts believed that variations in the blood flow to the brain caused migraines. The majority believe that while this may add to the discomfort, it is not the cause.

The trigeminal nerve, which supplies feeling to your head and face, is thought to be the main initiator of migraines when hyperactive neurons give out signals that stimulate it. Your body responds by releasing serotonin and calcitonin gene-related peptides (CGRP). The brain's lining blood vessels enlarge as a result of CGRP. Then, pain and inflammation are brought on by neurotransmitters.

Additionally, other migraine triggers are frequently mentioned, including −

  • Shining lights.

  • Excessive heat or other types of weather can lead to dehydration.

  • Barometric pressure changes hormone changes in those classified as females at birth, such as variations in estrogen and progesterone levels during menstruating, pregnancy, or the menopausal period.

  • Extra anxiety, loud noises, intensive physical activity.

  • Giving up meals.

  • Alterations in sleeping habits.

  • Use specific drugs, such as nitroglycerin, contraceptive pills, or strange odors.

  • A few specific foods and their odors.

  • Drinking and smoking.

Treatment For Migraine

While migraines cannot be cured, a doctor might assist you in preventing attacks by arming you with the knowledge to treat symptoms as they arise, which can result in fewer attacks overall. Additionally, treatment might lessen the severity of a migraine. A migraine attack can be prevented with medication or treated after it has started. With over-the-counter (OTC) medicine, you could get relief. However, your doctor can prescribe other drugs if OTC remedies don't work.

The best medication for you depends on the severity of the migraine and any additional medical issues you may have.


When you feel dizzy, you may believe that you or your environment are rotating or shifting, known as vertigo. However, the syndrome cannot be confused with light-headedness. It may feel similar to motion sickness.

Vertigo mostly comes in two forms −

  • Peripheral Vertigo − This condition is brought on by an inner ear issue.

  • Central Vertigo − Central vertigo develops when there is a problem with the brain. Brain tumors, strokes, traumatic brain injuries, and infections are a few potential causes.

Vertigo and dizziness can affect balance, but they are not the same. A general sense of being off balance characterizes dizziness. You may feel as though you are spinning or that you are moving when you experience vertigo.

Vertigo attacks can occur at any age, although the elderly are more likely to have them. Vertigo is a condition that affects more women than males. Vertigo is a side effect that some pregnant women experience. A frequent problem is a vertigo. About 40% of the population have at least one episode of vertigo in their lives.

Vertigo bouts often come from a few seconds to a few minutes. Vertigo can last for hours, days, weeks, or even months in extreme situations. Vertigo is not directly caused by stress but can affect how well the inner ear functions. Some people may experience bouts of vertigo as a result of this.


Vertigo is frequently brought on by −

  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) - The sensation that you are spinning or moving suddenly and intensely is brought on by this, which is the most frequent cause of vertigo. A head injury, such as a hit to the head, might cause these episodes to start suddenly.

  • Infection- Vestibular neuritis, also known as labyrinthitis, is a viral illness of the vestibulocochlear nerve that can result in severe, persistent dizziness.

  • Meniere's disease- Spontaneous occurrences of vertigo that continue for many hours might occur due to an excessive buildup of fluid in the inner ear.

  • Migraine- Vertigo brought on by a migraine might linger for a few minutes or several hours.

  • Physical Damage- Vertigo is a typical symptom, particularly if the vestibular system has been damaged.

  • Medication-related side effects include tinnitus, or ringing in the ears, nausea, loss of hearing, and vertigo.


Your physical condition will be evaluated, and your symptoms will be discussed with your healthcare practitioner. To confirm your diagnosis, they could additionally advise one or more tests. Depending on the underlying reason, there are many vertigo treatment methods. Using drugs like meclizine and vestibular rehabilitation treatment to reduce symptoms has been proven successful.

The fundamental cause is one of the numerous variables determining the best vertigo therapy for you. The following are a few of the most well-known vertigo remedies −

  • Medication − Taking care of your vertigo's underlying cause might help symptoms go away. Your doctor may recommend antibiotics, for instance, when vertigo is a symptom of an illness. Steroids can lessen inflammation. Additional vertigo symptoms, including nausea or motion sickness, can be treated with medicines.

  • Vestibular rehabilitation − This form of physical treatment may help you feel better if an inner ear issue brings on your vertigo. Vestibular rehabilitation supports the development of your secondary sensations, so they can better counteract periods of dizziness.

  • CRP (Canalith Repositioning Treatment) − If you have BPPV, this operation helps shift calcification into a cavity in your inner ear where your body may metabolize it.

  • Surgery may be required if the cause of vertigo is a significant underlying condition, such as a brain tumor or neck injury.