We have two kidneys which remove nitrogen and other wastes from our body in the form of urine. We can survive on one kidney also by following a careful diet. Kidney diseases are treated depending on the underlying cause. However, chronic kidney diseases have no cure.
Treatments generally comprise measures to help control signs and indications, decrease complexities, and slow down the progression of the sickness. When your kidneys turn out to be seriously harmed, you may require treatment for end-stage kidney disease.
Your specialist will work to moderate or control the reason for your kidney infection. Treatment alternatives may vary, depending on the reason.
High blood pressure Treatments − Individuals with kidney problems may encounter high BP. Your specialist may prescribe solutions to bring down your pulse — usually angiotensin-changing over catalyst (ACE) inhibitors and to save kidney work. Hypertension medicines can at first abate kidney capacity and change electrolyte levels, so repeated blood tests are needed to screen your condition.
Medicines to bring down cholesterol levels − The doctor may prescribe medicines called statins to bring down your cholesterol. Individuals with chronic kidney infection regularly experience large amounts of cholesterol, which can result in heart disease.
Prescriptions to treat anemia − In specific circumstances, your specialist may suggest supplements of the hormone erythropoietin, sometimes with extra iron. Erythropoietin supplements help in producing more RBC's, which may ease the fatigue due to iron deficiency.
Medications to soothe swelling − Individuals with kidney disease may retain liquids. This can prompt swelling in the legs, and also high BP. Medicines called diuretics can help keep up the balance of liquids in your body.
Low protein diet − As your body digests protein from food, it makes waste products that your kidneys must remove from your blood. To lessen the work of our kidneys, the doctor might suggest eating less protein. Your specialist may likewise request that you meet with a dietitian who can recommend an appropriate diet to bring down your protein intake while not compromising on nutrition.
In case the kidneys can't keep up with the removal of wastes and fluids on its own and you develop complete or near-complete kidney failure, you have end-stage kidney disease. By then, you require dialysis or a kidney transplant.
Dialysis − Dialysis expels waste items and excess liquids artificially from your blood when your kidneys are not functional anymore. In hemodialysis, a machine filters the liquid wastes from your blood. In peritoneal dialysis, a thin tube embedded into your stomach area fills your abdomen with a dialysis liquid that retains waste and excess liquids. After some time, the dialysis solution channels from your body, carrying the waste with it.
Kidney transplantation − A kidney transplant includes surgically setting a healthy kidney from a benefactor into your body. Transplanted kidneys can originate from perished or living donors. You'll have to take medicines for the rest of your life to maintain your body from rejecting the new organ. You need not be on dialysis to have a kidney transplant.