What is a Type 2 Diabetes-Friendly Diet? A Complete Guide

At present many people claim to have diabetes problems. Diabetes occurs in an individual when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin and insulin cannot work effectively. Insulin helps in regulating the presence of glucose in the blood. Once an individual suffers from raised and uncontrolled blood sugar, it is known as Hyperglycaemia. It leads to severe damage to human health, and people can suffer from damage to the nerve and blood vessels. Research noticed that in 2019 almost 1.5 million people had diabetes. And 48 percent of these were below 70 years of age.

Types of Diabetes

Commonly humans suffer from two types of diabetes- Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition. It means that the immune system attacks the body and finishes beta cells. It also stops the pancreas from producing insulin, and it has also been noticed that this damage to the cell is permanent.

Another diabetes type is Type 2 diabetes. This diabetic situation develops with insulin resistance. Once this problem occurs, the human body cannot produce insulin effectively. People are always curious to know about the causes of type 2 diabetes. But, experts are still not aware of the exact cause of type 2 diabetes. The probable factors of Types 2 diabetes are genetics, obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, etc.


Different types of physical situations can occur among individuals who have diabetes. Excessive thirst, hunger, frequent urination, itchy skin, excess fatigue, etc., are common causes of diabetic symptoms. Type 2 diabetes can develop patches on the skin around the neck and in the armpit. It has also been noticed that it takes a long time to diagnose type 2 diabetes. Sometimes patients can also feel pain and numbness around the feet.

Patients who have diabetes and primarily type 1 diabetes, can suffer from the problems like weight loss, etc. Sometimes diabetes also can develop the situations like ketoacidosis. A diabetic patient can suffer from these symptoms at any age. Doctors suggest that normally young adults and children suffer from this disease. People who have crossed 45 years of age mainly have type 2 diabetes.

Diabetic-Friendly Diet

Individuals who are suffering from diabetes should also need to understand how they can maintain a healthy diet to keep their blood sugar under control. A diabetes diet includes healthy habits that control blood sugar levels. A diabetic diet should be high in nutrients and low in calories & fat. The prime elements of a perfect diabetic diet include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, etc. All need to understand the best diet foods suitable for every diabetic patient.


Beans come with all essential nutritional value. Beans come in different varieties like Red kidney, Lima beans, and black beans. Beans are considered an alternative to meat due to their high protein. Doctors also suggest consuming beans due to their high fiber. Beans are low in carbs, so diabetic people should always consume beans to eliminate this disease.

Leafy Vegetables

Fresh leafy vegetables are rich in all essential nutrients like vitamins and minerals. Your body will get Vitamin A, C, K, E, potassium, and necessary calcium from leafy vegetables. These green leafy vegetables are packed with dietary fiber and essential mineral contents. Fresh vegetable enables your body to get all the food-required nutrients. Doctors suggest that children, adult women, and men consume leafy fresh vegetables at 50 g, 100g, and 40g per day, respectively.

Citrus Fruit

Orange and other citrus fruits have considerable benefits in diabetes management. Consumption of these foods can maintain the balance of Vitamin C, potassium, and Folate in your body. Everyday consumption of different citrus fruit can help you maintain your diabetic eating plan. As per American Diabetes Association has mentioned all citrus fruits as superfoods. The first thing experts suggest citrus fruits for diabetic patients is due to the existence of necessary fiber.


The food value of blueberries, and strawberries, can never be ignored. All berries are packed with necessary nutritional value like vitamins and fiber. Berries are also rich in antioxidants and fiber.

Omega 3 Fatty Acids

Doctors always considered omega-3 fatty acids as the best remedy for heart disease. Salmon and other sea foods are excellent sources of omega-3 fatty acids. Consumption of omega-3 fatty acids can control blood sugar and body weight. Fish oil contains Omega 3 fatty acids and can maintain triglyceride levels.


All types of nuts, like walnuts, and almonds, are considered adequate for those who are suffering from high blood sugar. Nuts come with low-carb and high protein. These are available with healthy fat, which can maintain heart health. Nuts also contain omega-3 fatty acids, which are suitable for boosting immunity.

Whole Grains

Whole grains are always considered a part of the human diet because they are an excellent fiber source. Entire grains are enriched with vitamins and other nutritional value. Whole grains contain different values like vitamin B, chromium, and iron. Taking whole grains is highly beneficial to resolve the problems like obesity and inflammation. Hence, doctors suggest consuming whole grains to lower the risk of heart problems and blood sugar. Common whole grains are oatmeal, popcorn, millet, brown rice, wild rice, wheat berry, etc.

Milk and Yogurt

Milk and yogurt are always best for building strong bones and teeth. Milk and yogurt are excellent sources of vitamin D, and doctors suggest them for maintaining good health. Milk and yogurt contain probiotic that helps to decrease inflammation in the body. Yogurt contains the necessary amount of protein and calcium to benefit overall health. Doctors often suggest a low-carb diet to every diabetic patient; milk and yogurt can be good options for them.


The above are some essential foods that will help a diabetic patient to maintain a healthy life. However, doctors also suggest avoiding foods like refined sugar, deep-fried foods, dried fruits, fruit juices, red meat, etc., to maintain the blood sugar level.