What Are the Different Types of Dyslexia?

Different types of dyslexia can relate to learning problems that make it hard for your child to read, figure out how words sound, and understand what they've read. There are many types of dyslexia, such as phonological dyslexia, quick naming dyslexia, double deficit dyslexia, surface dyslexia, visual dyslexia, and so on. Different kinds of dyslexia lead to problems, which will be discussed in more detail below.

Depending on the diagnosis, 3% and 20% (According to edubloxtutor.com/dyslexia-types/) of the population may have dyslexia. At least 40% of the people in the world have trouble reading. There are many different kinds of dyslexia, and the severity of the disease can range from mild to severe. Knowing that there are different kinds of dyslexia and being able to spot it early are important for coming up with effective ways to teach.

11 Common Types of Dyslexia

Remember that the emphasis should be on "attempted," as there are no "subtypes" of dyslexia. Several schools of learning have taken different methods to categorize symptoms, so you may discover discussions of different varieties of dyslexia depending on the theory you're reading.

But, it's crucial to realize that there are no official subtypes of dyslexia. Moreover, a learning challenge can vary widely from one person to the next, and a single person might exhibit symptoms from more than one of the recommended 'types,' or they can be of the same 'type' and exhibit distinct symptoms.

Yet it's just as vital to know how to spot dyslexia in its early stages as it is to be familiar with the various symptoms that might accompany it. To help you tell them apart, we've compiled this list of the 11 most frequent types −

1) Primary dyslexia

Doctors have known for a long time that dyslexia can be passed down from parent to child. This makes it more likely that a child with dyslexia would also have trouble reading and writing. Primary dyslexia is when a person has trouble reading because of a problem in their genes.

2) Secondary dyslexia

When someone has secondary dyslexia, they have trouble reading because of problems that started when their brain was still developing in the womb. Both primary and secondary dyslexia is thought to be caused by how a person grows up.

3) Developmental dyslexia

Developmental dyslexia is when a child or adult has trouble reading even though they have the intelligence, drive, and education to read well. Developmental dyslexia is the name for dyslexia in children and young adults. This distinguishes it from similar problems that people with serious brain injuries may have.

4) Acquired dyslexia

Dyslexia is a learning disability that can happen to anyone at any age if they get a head injury or get sick and hurt their brain. This condition is called "acquired dyslexia" or sometimes "trauma dyslexia."

5) Phonological dyslexia

This dyslexia makes it hard to break words into syllables and even smaller sound units called phonemes. A child with limited phonemic awareness may have trouble pronouncing words, but they can still hear them enough to repeat them word for word. But he won't be able to tell you what each sound in the word is. For readers who have trouble in this area, it may be hard to "decode" or "sound out" words because it's hard for them to connect the sounds of spoken words with how they are written.

6) Surface dyslexia

Surface dyslexia can affect a person even if they have no trouble learning to sound out new words, but they still can't read recognized words by sight. Researchers have found that the brain can't quickly learn a word if it doesn't know what it looks like. This form of dyslexia makes it more challenging to sound out words. Hence, it manifests most obviously with words that need memorization. The same condition is also called visual dyslexia and dyskinetic dyslexia. A person with this dyslexia may have phonological and surface reading trouble.

7) Deep dyslexia

If someone has "deep dyslexia," it means that they have a lot of trouble reading. It comes with grammatical and visual errors, errors in how words are put together, and trouble understanding functional words. Some people call profound dyslexia a reading disability that is caused by damage to the brain.

8) Letter position dyslexia

People with problems in this area might be able to recognize individual letters, but they won't be able to put the letters in a word in the right order. This type of dyslexia is called letter position dyslexia (LPD), and the main sign of it is that letters move around in words.

9) Attentional dyslexia

People with attentional dyslexia may have trouble reading because the letters in their words move around, but they can still recognize words and stay in the same place within each word. You can also read the word pair cane love as lane love or lane cove.

10) Letter identity dyslexia

People with letter identity dyslexia have trouble with orthographic-visual analysis, the part of the brain that makes up fake letter identities. People with this type of dyslexia don't have a visual loss if they can't match identical shapes that aren't letters, match two instances of the same letter in different sizes, or copy letters correctly. Readers with LID don't have access to the abstract identity of letters. This means they can't name a letter, recognize a written letter based on its name or sound, or match letters in different places or fonts.

11) Neglect dyslexia

A disease of the nerves that makes it so a person can't use half of their field of vision. Words are misunderstood either because of how they start or how they end. These mistakes aren't just simple omissions; most of the time, they are estimates of real, but wrong, words with about the right number of characters.


Having trouble reading is a lifelong condition known as dyslexia. Yet, those who have dyslexia take many different steps to boost their reading comprehension, word identification, and phonological processing speed and efficiency.

The severity of one's dyslexia will determine the best course of action. This article provides a list of the many forms of dyslexia. It should be stressed that the underlying cause of this impairment has nothing to do with a person's IQ. Dyslexia is not selective in terms of intelligence. Those with dyslexia can't "grow out of it," though they can get better at reading and develop better phonological awareness.

Updated on: 04-Apr-2023


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