Suspend/Resume tasks in FreeRTOS using Arduino

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If you wish to suspend a task in FreeRTOS, there is a function vTaskSuspend() that can be used. The syntax is −

Syntax

void vTaskSuspend( TaskHandle_t xTaskToSuspend );

As you can see, it takes the handle of the task to suspend as the argument and returns nothing. A suspended task can be resumed using vTaskResume(). The syntax is −

Syntax

void vTaskResume( TaskHandle_t xTaskToResume );

This again takes the handle of the task to be resumed, and returns nothing.

In order to see an example, we will walk-through the code given in −https://exploreembedded.com/wiki/Task_Suspend_and_Resume

As you can see, four Task handles are declared initially, and the tasks are created in the setup.

/************************************************************************
***************************
                           ExploreEmbedded Copyright Notice
*************************************************************************
***************************
   * File: 07-TaskSuspendAndResume
   * Version: 15.0
   * Author: ExploreEmbedded
   * Website: http://www.exploreembedded.com/wiki
   * Description: File contains the free rtos example to demonstarte task Suspend and Resume.
This code has been developed and tested on ExploreEmbedded boards.
We strongly believe that the library works on any of development boards for
respective controllers.
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*************************************************************************
*************************/

#include <Arduino_FreeRTOS.h>

TaskHandle_t TaskHandle_1;
TaskHandle_t TaskHandle_2;
TaskHandle_t TaskHandle_3;
TaskHandle_t TaskHandle_4;

void setup()
{
   Serial.begin(9600);
   Serial.println(F("In Setup function"));

/* Create 4-tasks with priorities 1-4. Capture the Task details to respective handlers */
   xTaskCreate(MyTask1, "Task1", 100, NULL, 1, &TaskHandle_1);
   xTaskCreate(MyTask2, "Task2", 100, NULL, 2, &TaskHandle_2);
   xTaskCreate(MyTask3, "Task3", 100, NULL, 3, &TaskHandle_3);
   xTaskCreate(MyTask4, "Task4", 100, NULL, 4, &TaskHandle_4);
}

Note that Task1 has the lowest priority and Task4 has the highest priority.

The loop just contains a print statement and a delay.

void loop()
{
   // Hooked to Idle Task, will run when CPU is Idle
   Serial.println(F("Loop function"));
   delay(50);
}

Now, coming to the individual task codes, Task4 suspends Task2, Task3 and then itself. Task 1 resumes these tasks one by one, and then deletes itself. Tasks 2 and 3 just delete themselves after printing a statement.

/* Task1 with priority 1 */
static void MyTask1(void* pvParameters)
{
   Serial.println(F("Task1 Resuming Task2"));
   vTaskResume(TaskHandle_2);

   Serial.println(F("Task1 Resuming Task3"));
   vTaskResume(TaskHandle_3);

   Serial.println(F("Task1 Resuming Task4"));
   vTaskResume(TaskHandle_4);

   Serial.println(F("Task1 Deleting Itself"));
   vTaskDelete(TaskHandle_1);
}

/* Task2 with priority 2 */
static void MyTask2(void* pvParameters)
{
   Serial.println(F("Task2, Deleting itself"));
   vTaskDelete(NULL);
// Delete own task by passing NULL(TaskHandle_2 can also be used)
}

/* Task3 with priority 3 */
static void MyTask3(void* pvParameters)
{
   Serial.println(F("Task3, Deleting Itself"));
   vTaskDelete(NULL);
   // Delete own task by passing NULL(TaskHandle_3 can also be used)
}

/* Task4 with priority 4 */
static void MyTask4(void* pvParameters)
{
   Serial.println(F("Task4 Running, Suspending all tasks"));
   vTaskSuspend(TaskHandle_2);    //Suspend Task2/3
   vTaskSuspend(TaskHandle_3);
   vTaskSuspend(NULL);            //Suspend Own Task

   Serial.println(F("Back in Task4, Deleting Itself"));
   vTaskDelete(TaskHandle_4);
}

Thus, Task4, with the highest priority starts first, and suspends Tasks 2, 3 and itself. Thus, Task1 gets control. Task1 resumes Task2. Since Task2 has a higher priority, it takes over control, prints a statement and deletes itself. Control goes back to Task1, which then resumes Task3. Task3 does its work, deletes itself and thus control goes back to Task1. Same thing happens with Task4, and once Task4 has been deleted, Task1 also deletes itself, and only the print statements in loop are visible on the Serial Monitor.

raja
Published on 29-May-2021 12:58:03
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