Setting the limits on a colorbar of a contour plot in Matplotlib

To set the limits on a colorbar of a countour plot in Matplotlib, we can take the following steps −

  • Set the figure size and adjust the padding between and around the subplots.
  • Create x and y data points using numpy.
  • Get the data using x and y.
  • Get the coordinate matrices from the coordinate vectors.
  • Initialize vmin and vmax to set the limits on a colorbar of a contour plot in matplotlib.
  • Plot contours using contourf() method.
  • Make the colorbar using scalar mappable within the range of vmin and vmax.
  • To display the figure, use show() method.


from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from import ScalarMappable

plt.rcParams["figure.figsize"] = [7.50, 3.50]
plt.rcParams["figure.autolayout"] = True

x = np.arange(20)
y = np.arange(20)

data = x[:, None] + y[None, :]
X, Y = np.meshgrid(x, y)

vmin = 0
vmax = 15

fig, ax = plt.subplots()

qcs = ax.contourf(
      X, Y, data,
      vmin=vmin, vmax=vmax

   ScalarMappable(norm=qcs.norm, cmap=qcs.cmap),
   ticks=range(vmin, vmax+5, 5)