How to plot a 2D matrix in Python with colorbar Matplotlib?

To plot a 2D matrix in Python with colorbar, we can use numpy to create a 2D array matrix and use that matrix in the imshow() method.


  • Create data2D using numpy.

  • Use imshow() method to display data as an image, i.e., on a 2D regular raster.

  • Create a colorbar for a ScalarMappable instance *mappable* using colorbar() method and imshow() scalar mappable image.

  • To display the figure, use show() method.


import numpy as np
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
plt.rcParams["figure.figsize"] = [7.00, 3.50]
plt.rcParams["figure.autolayout"] = True
data2D = np.random.random((50, 50))
im = plt.imshow(data2D, cmap="copper_r")


Updated on: 15-May-2021

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