All variables in a program may not be accessible at all locations in that program. This depends on where you have declared a variable.
The scope of a variable determines the portion of the program where you can access a particular identifier. There are two basic scopes of variables in Python −
Variables that are defined inside a function body have a local scope, and those defined outside have a global scope.
This means that local variables can be accessed only inside the function in which they are declared, whereas global variables can be accessed throughout the program body by all functions. When you call a function, the variables declared inside it are brought into scope.
#!/usr/bin/python total = 0; # This is global variable. # Function definition is here def sum( arg1, arg2 ): # Add both the parameters and return them." total = arg1 + arg2; # Here total is local variable. print "Inside the function local total : ", total return total; # Now you can call sum function sum( 10, 20 ); print "Outside the function global total : ", total
When the above code is executed, it produces the following result −
Inside the function local total : 30 Outside the function global total : 0