SAP GRC - Mitigation Controls

In SAP GRC 10.0, you can use mitigation controls when it is not possible to separate Segregation of duties SoD from the business process.


In an organization, consider a scenario where a person takes care of roles within business processes that cause a missing SoD conflict.

There are different examples that are possible for mitigation controls −

  • Release strategies and authorization limits
  • Review of user logs
  • Review of exception reports
  • Detailed variance analysis
  • Establish insurance to cover impact of a security incident

Mitigation Control Types

There are two types of mitigation control under SAP GRC Risk management −

  • Preventive
  • Detective

Preventive Mitigation Controls

Preventive mitigation control is used to reduce the impact of risk before it actually occurs. There are various activities that you can perform under preventive mitigation control −

  • Configuration
  • User Exits
  • Security
  • Defining workflow
  • Custom Objects

Detective Mitigation Controls

Detective mitigation control is used when an alert is received and a risk occurs. In this case, the person who is responsible to initiate corrective measure mitigates the risk.

There are various activities that you can perform under detective mitigation control −

  • Activity Reports
  • Comparison of plan vs actual review
  • Budget review
  • Alerts

Setting up Migration Controls

Follow these steps to set up migration controls −

Step 1 − Login to SAP GRC Access control.

Reports and Analytics

Access Risk Analysis Report

Step 2 − Perform a risk analysis on user level. Enter the below details −

  • Report Type
  • Report Format

Step 3 − Click Execute

Risk Analysis User Level

Step 4 − You can toggle between different report types as in the following screenshot −

Analysis Results


Step 5 − Logon to SAP GRC Access Control and schedule a risk analysis background job on role level.

Enter the following details −

  • Report Type − Permission Level
  • Report Format − Summary

Step 6 − Click Run in Background as shown in the following screenshot −

Run in Background

Step 7 − In the next window, you can select Start Immediately. Then, click OK.

Background Scheduler