React Native - State


Advertisements

The data inside React Components is managed by state and props. In this chapter, we will talk about state.

Difference between State and Props

The state is mutable while props are immutable. This means that state can be updated in the future while props cannot be updated.

Using State

This is our root component. We are just importing Home which will be used in most of the chapters.

App.js

import React from 'react';
import { StyleSheet, Text, View } from 'react-native';

export default class App extends React.Component {
   state = {
      myState: 'Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, used do eiusmod
      tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
      nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
      Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu
      fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in
      culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.'
   }
   render() {
      return (
      <View>
         <Text> {this.state.myState} </Text>
      </View>
      );
   }
}

We can see in emulator text from the state as in the following screenshot.

React Native State

Updating State

Since state is mutable, we can update it by creating the deleteState function and call it using the onPress = {this.deleteText} event.

Home.js

import React, { Component } from 'react'
import { Text, View } from 'react-native'

class Home extends Component {
   state = {
      myState: 'Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed 
         do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.
         Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi
         ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit 
         in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur.
         Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia
         deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.'
   }
   updateState = () ⇒ this.setState({ myState: 'The state is updated' })
   render() {
      return (
         <View>
            <Text onPress = {this.updateState}>
               {this.state.myState}
            </Text>
         </View>
      );
   }
}
export default Home;

NOTES − In all chapters, we will use the class syntax for stateful (container) components and function syntax for stateless (presentational) components. We will learn more about components in the next chapter.

We will also learn how to use the arrow function syntax for updateState. You should keep in mind that this syntax uses the lexical scope, and this keyword will be bound to the environment object (Class). This will sometimes lead to unexpected behavior.

The other way to define methods is to use the EC5 functions but in that case we will need to bind this manually in the constructor. Consider the following example to understand this.

class Home extends Component {
   constructor() {
      super()
      this.updateState = this.updateState.bind(this)
   }
   updateState() {
      //
   }
   render() {
      //
   }
}

Useful Video Courses


Video

ReactJS Online Training

20 Lectures 1.5 hours

Anadi Sharma

Video

Create Virtual Reality Apps using React VR & React 360

61 Lectures 6.5 hours

A To Z Mentor

Video

React for Absolute Beginners

40 Lectures 4.5 hours

Eduonix Learning Solutions

Video

React and Redux: Learn By Building Real World Projects

56 Lectures 12.5 hours

Eduonix Learning Solutions

Video

Step By Step React Native Hybrid Mobile App With Spring Boot

62 Lectures 4.5 hours

Senol Atac

Video

React Full Stack Web Development With Spring Boot

67 Lectures 4.5 hours

Senol Atac

Advertisements