How to create a rectangle with rounded corners in HTML5 SVG?

Yaswanth Verma
Updated on 04-Oct-2022 12:26:21
SVG is a mark-up language based on XML that is used to describe two-dimensional vector graphics. SVG is essentially what HTML is to text when it comes to visuals. A rectangle is drawn on the screen via the element. The placement and shape of the rectangles on the screen are determined by six fundamental properties. Syntax x="x-axis co-ordinate" y="y-axis co-ordinate" width="length" height="length" rx="length" ry="length" style="style information" class="style class" > ... Read More

How to use DBSCAN clustering algorithm in Python Scikit-learn?

Gaurav Leekha
Updated on 04-Oct-2022 08:48:56
DBSCAN stands for Density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise. This algorithm is based on the intuitive notion of “clusters” & “noise” that clusters are dense regions of the lower density in the data space, separated by lower density regions of data points. Scikit-learn have sklearn.cluster.DBSCAN module to perform DBSCAN clustering. There are two important parameters namely min_samples and eps used by this algorithm to define dense. Higher value of parameter min_samples or lower value of the parameter eps will give an indication about the higher density of data points which is necessary to form a cluster. Steps We can ... Read More

How to use Affinity Propagation clustering algorithm in Python Scikit-learn?

Gaurav Leekha
Updated on 04-Oct-2022 08:46:43
Affinity propagation clustering algorithm is based on the concept of ‘message passing’ between different pairs of samples until convergence. It does not require the number of clusters to be specified before running the algorithm. One of the biggest disadvantages of this algorithm is its time complexity which is of the order $0(N^2T)$ Scikit-learn have sklearn.cluster.AffinityPropagation module to perform Affinity Propagation clustering in Python. Steps We can follow the below given steps to perform Affinity Propagation clustering algorithm in Python Scikit-learn − Step 1 − Import necessary libraries. Step 2 − Set the figure size. Step 3 − Define binary classification dataset having ... Read More

How to use K-Means clustering algorithm in Python Scikit-learn?

Gaurav Leekha
Updated on 04-Oct-2022 08:43:08
K-Means clustering algorithm computes the centroids and iterates until it finds optimal centroid. It requires the number of clusters to be specified that’s why it assumes that they are already known. The main logic of this algorithm is to cluster the data separating samples in n number of groups of equal variances by minimizing the criteria known as the inertia. The number of clusters identified by algorithm is represented by ‘K. Scikit-learn have sklearn.cluster.KMeans module to perform K-Means clustering algorithm in Python. Example For the example below, we will create a test binary classification dataset by using the make_classification() function. ... Read More

How to implement linear classification with Python Scikit-learn?

Gaurav Leekha
Updated on 04-Oct-2022 08:40:49
Linear classification is one of the simplest machine learning problems. To implement linear classification, we will be using sklearn’s SGD (Stochastic Gradient Descent) classifier to predict the Iris flower species. Steps You can follow the below given steps to implement linear classification with Python Scikit-learn − Step 1 − First import the necessary packages scikit-learn, NumPy, and matplotlib Step 2 − Load the dataset and build a training and testing dataset out of it. Step 3 − Plot the training instances using matplotlib. Although this step is optional, it is good practice to plot the instances for more clarity. Step 4 − Create ... Read More

How to transform Scikit-learn IRIS dataset to 2-feature dataset in Python?

Gaurav Leekha
Updated on 04-Oct-2022 08:38:18
Iris, a multivariate flower dataset, is one of the most useful Pyhton scikit-learn datasets. It has 3 classes of 50 instances each and contains the measurements of the sepal and petal parts of three Iris species namely Iris setosa, Iris virginica, and Iris versicolor. Along with that Iris dataset contains 50 instances from each of these three species and consists of four features namely sepal_length (cm), sepal_width (cm), petal_length (cm), petal_width (cm). We can use Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to transform IRIS dataset into a new feature space with 2 features. Steps We can follow the below given steps to ... Read More

How to transform Sklearn DIGITS dataset to 2 and 3-feature dataset in Python?

Gaurav Leekha
Updated on 04-Oct-2022 08:35:06
Sklearn DIGITS dataset has 64 features as each image of the digit is of size 8 by 8 pixels. We can use Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to transform Scikit-learn DIGITS dataset into new feature space with 2 features. Transforming 64 features dataset to 2-feature dataset will be a big reduction in the size of data and we’ll lose some useful information. It will also impact the classification accuracy of ML model. Steps to Transform DIGITS Dataset to 2-feature Dataset We can follow the below given steps to transform DIGITS dataset to 2-feature dataset using PCA − First, import the ... Read More

How to perform dimensionality reduction using Python Scikit-learn?

Gaurav Leekha
Updated on 04-Oct-2022 08:32:09
Dimensionality reduction, an unsupervised machine learning method is used to reduce the number of feature variables for each data sample selecting set of principal features. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is one of the popular algorithms for dimensionality reduction available in Sklearn. In this tutorial, we perform dimensionality reduction using principal component analysis and incremental principal component analysis using Python Scikit-learn (Sklearn). Using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) PCA is a statistical method that linearly project the data into new feature space by analyzing the features of original dataset. The main concept behind PCA is to select the “principal” characteristics of the ... Read More

How to implement Random Projection using Python Scikit-learn?

Gaurav Leekha
Updated on 04-Oct-2022 08:29:24
Random projection is a dimensionality reduction and data visualization method to simplify the complexity of highly dimensional data. It is basically applied to the data where other dimensionality reduction techniques such as Principal Component Analysis (PCA) can not do the justice to data. Python Scikit-learn provides a module named sklearn.random_projection that implements a computationally efficient way to reduce the data dimensionality. It implements the following two types of an unstructured random matrix − Gaussian Random Matrix Sparse Random Matrix Implementing Gaussian Random Projection For implementing Gaussian random matrix, random_projection module uses GaussianRandomProjection() function which reduces the dimensionality by ... Read More

How to build Naive Bayes classifiers using Python Scikit-learn?

Gaurav Leekha
Updated on 04-Oct-2022 08:25:42
Naïve Bayes classification, based on the Bayes theorem of probability, is the process of predicting the category from unknown data sets. Scikit-learn has three Naïve Bayes models namely, Gaussian Naïve Bayes Bernoulli Naïve Bayes Multinomial Naïve Bayes In this tutorial, we will learn Gaussian Naïve Bayes and Bernoulli Naïve Bayes classifiers using Python Scikit-learn (Sklearn). Gaussian Naïve Bayes Classifier Gaussian naïve bayes classifier is based on a continuous distribution characterized by mean and variance. With the help of an example, let’s see how we can use the Scikit-Learn Python ML library to build a Gaussian Naïve Bayes classifier. ... Read More
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