Python method lstat() is very similar to fstat() and returns the information about a file, but do not follow symbolic links. This is an alias for fstat() on platforms that do not support symbolic links, such as Windows.
Here is the structure returned by lstat method −
st_dev − ID of device containing file
st_ino − inode number
st_mode − protection
st_nlink − number of hard links
st_uid − user ID of owner
st_gid − group ID of owner
st_rdev − device ID (if special file)
st_size − total size, in bytes
st_blksize − blocksize for filesystem I/O
st_blocks − number of blocks allocated
st_atime − time of last access
st_mtime − time of last modification
st_ctime − time of last status change
Following is the syntax for lstat() method −
path − This is the file for which information would be returned.
This method returns the information about a file.
The following example shows the usage of lstat() method.
#!/usr/bin/python import os, sys # Open a file path = "/var/www/html/foo.txt" fd = os.open( path, os.O_RDWR|os.O_CREAT ) # Close opened file os.close( fd ) # Now get the touple info = os.lstat(path) print "File Info :", info # Now get uid of the file print "UID of the file :%d" % info.st_uid # Now get gid of the file print "GID of the file :%d" % info.st_gid
When we run above program, it produces following result −
File Info : (33261, 3450178L, 103L, 1, 500, 500, 0L, 1238866944, 1238866944, 1238948312) UID of the file :500 GID of the file :500