Python Float Layout in Kivy?

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Kivy is an open source Python library for rapid development of applications that make use of innovative user interfaces, such as multi-touch apps. It is used to develop the Android application, as well as Desktops applications. In this article we will see how to use the FloatLayout widget to create buttons of at different positions in a window. The position of the button can be absolute or relative with respect to the bigger window.

With Absolute position

In this approach we set the position of the button at a fixed position. So when the resize of the window happens, the size of the window and the size of the button changes but the position of the button remains constant. So the button becomes hidden after sometimes depending on how the window is squeezed.

Example

import kivy
from kivy.app import App
from kivy.uix.button import Button
from kivy.uix.floatlayout import FloatLayout
#from kivy.config import Config

#Config.set('graphics', 'resizable', True)

# creating the App class
class FloatApp(App):

   def build(self):
      # creating Floatlayout
      Flt = FloatLayout()

      btn = Button(text='Hello world',
         size_hint=(0.5 ,0.2),
         pos=(100, 200),
         background_normal='',
         background_color=(1, 0, 1, 1))

      # adding button widget
      Flt.add_widget(btn)

      return Flt

# Run the app
FloatApp().run()

Running the above code gives us the following result −

With relative position

In this approach we set the position of the button with position hint. So when the resize of the window happens, the size of the window and the size of the button changes and also the position of the button keeps changing with respect to the relative size of the window. So the button never becomes hidden when the window is squeezed.

Example

from kivy.app import App
from kivy.uix.button import Button
from kivy.uix.floatlayout import FloatLayout
from kivy.config import Config

Config.set('graphics', 'resizable', True)

# creating the App class
class FloatApp(App):

   def build(self):
      # creating Floatlayout
      Flt = FloatLayout()

      btn = Button(text='Hello world',
         size_hint=(0.2 ,0.2),
         pos_hint={'x':.2, 'y':.2 },
         background_normal='',
         background_color=(1, 1, 0, 0.8)
         )

      # adding button widget
      Flt.add_widget(btn)

      return Flt

# Run the app
FloatApp().run()

Output

Running the above code gives us the following result −

raja
Published on 12-Jan-2021 18:10:46
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