Write two forms in which solar energy manifests itself in sea.

The two forms in which solar energy manifests itself in the sea are:

1. Sea-wave energy

2. Ocean thermal energy


Sea-waves energy: The wind blows due to the sun's energy sweeps over the ocean surface and produces waves. A large amount of kinetic energy is associated with the movement of sea waves. It is estimated that the power of waves striking coastlines around the world could generate 2-3 million megawatts. Although, there are only limited sites where this energy can be harnessed. Areas with an average density of 40 MW per kilometre of coastline are considered economically feasible for generating electricity from sea waves.

Ocean thermal energy: This type of energy arises because of the difference in temperature of ocean water. The upper surface of the ocean becomes hot because of the sun, and the surface deep inside remains colder. This form of energy is harnessed by devices known as "Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion" (OTEC). To use this setup, a difference of 20°C or more is required between surface water and water at a depth of 1000 m.


Simply Easy Learning

Updated on: 10-Oct-2022


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