What is Camouflage, Adaptation, and Habitat?


1. Adaptation is the physical or behavioural or physiological characteristic of an organism to survive better in the surrounding environment.

Organisms get adapted to the habitat they live, these special features are attributed to the evolution caused by a gene mutation. These mutations aid in survival and reproduction. It is hereditary and passes on from one generation to the other.

 

2. Camouflage, this physical adaptation helps organisms to change their colour so that they can blend in their surrounding environment. This gives them protection from predators and increases their chances of survival.

It is the mechanism where a combination of material, colour, or light helps organisms to interact with surrounding objects, making them difficult to identify, and concealing themselves so that others perceive them as other objects.

Examples: leopard's spotted coat, the battledress of a modern soldier, and the leaf-mimic katydid's wings. Chameleon possesses the property of camouflage, where it changes its colour to mix with the environment and protect itself from predator and catch the prey.

 

3. A habitat is a natural environment where a particular species of organism dwells (live). A species find food, shelter, protection from the predator, and mating partner for reproduction in its habitat.

The habitat is characterized by physical features like water, temperature, dissolved oxygen, nutrients, etc. and biological features like aquatic plants, diatoms, amphibians, etc.

For example, Pond is the habitat for Fish.

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Simply Easy Learning

Updated on: 10-Oct-2022

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