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Define Adaptation and Classification.
Adaptation is the physical or behavioral or physiological characteristic of an organism to survive better in the surrounding environment.
Organisms get adapted to the habitat they live, these special features are attributed to the evolution caused by a gene mutation. These mutations aid in survival and reproduction. It is hereditary and passes on from one generation to the other.
For example, Camouflage, this physical adaptation helps organisms to change the color that blends in their surrounding environment. This gives them protection from predators and increases their chances of survival.
Classification is a method of grouping, in which we place similar things together in one group according to its physical appearance, texture, nature of origin, etc. Example: Arrangement of books in a library. In a library, books on the same subject are placed together, so that it will not be difficult to locate them.
Following are the benefits of classification:
(a) It gives a systematic knowledge of different things.
(b) It tells us how different members of different groups differ from each other.
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