Form the pair of linear equations in the following problems, and find their solution graphically:5 pencils and 7 pens together cost Rs. 50, whereas 7 pencils and 5 pens together cost Rs. 46. Find the cost of one pencil and a pen.

Given:

5 pencils and 7 pens together cost Rs. 50, whereas 7 pencils and 5 pens together cost Rs. 46. To do:

We have to form the pair of linear equations and solve them graphically. Also, we have to find the cost of one pencil and a pen.

Solution:

Let the cost of one pencil and one pen be $x$ and $y$ respectively.

According to the question,

$5x + 7y = 50$.....(i)

$7x + 5y = 46$.....(ii)

To represent the above equations graphically we need at least two solutions for each of the equations.

For equation $5x+7y=50$,

$7y=50-5x$

$y=\frac{50-5x}{7}$

If $x=3$ then $y=\frac{50-5(3)}{7}=\frac{50-15}{7}=\frac{35}{7}=5$

If $x=10$ then $y=\frac{50-5(10)}{7}=\frac{50-50}{7}=\frac{0}{7}=0$

 $x$ $3$ $10$ $y$ $5$ $0$

For equation $7x+5y=46$,

$5y=46-7x$

$y=\frac{46-7x}{5}$

If $x=3$ then $y=\frac{46-7(3)}{5}=\frac{46-21}{5}=\frac{25}{5}=5$

If $x=8$ then $y=\frac{46-7(8)}{5}=\frac{46-56}{5}=\frac{-10}{5}=-2$

 $x$ $3$ $8$ $y$ $7$ $-2$

The above situation can be plotted graphically as below:

The lines AB and CD represent the equations $5x+7y=50$ and $7x+5y=46$ respectively.

The solution of the above equations is the point of intersection.

Therefore,

Cost of one pencil $x=3$

Cost of one pen $y=5$

The cost of one pencil and a pen are $3$ and $5$ respectively.

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Updated on: 10-Oct-2022

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