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(a) What are organic acids and mineral acids?
(b) Give two examples each of organic acids and mineral acids.
(c) State some of the uses of mineral acids in industry.
(a) Organic acids are those acids that are found naturally in plants and animals. These are weak acids as they do not dissociate completely in water.
Mineral acids are those acids that are man-made and derived from one or more inorganic compounds.
(b) Two examples of organic acids are lactic acid and citric acid.
Two examples of mineral acids are hydrochloric acid and nitric acid.
(c) Two uses of mineral acids are given below:
- Mineral acids are used in the synthesis of various chemicals.
- Dilute hydrochloric acids are used to remove the deposits inside boilers and to prevent corrosion of the boilers by the acids
- Nitric acid is used as explosives and fertilizers.
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