Knee Pain Symptoms and Possible Causes

Knee pain is a frequent problem among adults, and it is generally caused by normal wear and tear through everyday operations such as walking, bending, standing, and lifting. Individuals who run or participate in sports requiring leaping or rapid rotation are more prone to knee discomfort and issues. Nonetheless, whether caused by aging or accident, knee discomfort may be inconvenient and even disabling in some cases.

Causes of Knee Pain

Knee Injury

Knee injuries include sprains, strains, and rips. Sporting accidents may induce this form of knee discomfort, although people don't need to be athletic to experience it.


Sore or aching knees can identify tendonitis. This occurs whenever a tendon swells and gets uncomfortable, such as following an accident.

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

This is a frequent knee condition that primarily impacts children and adolescents. Patellofemoral pain syndrome is characterized by discomfort below or surrounding the knee. Walking upstairs, jogging, crouching, bicycling, or resting with bent knees commonly causes pain. This ailment is frequently treated with exercise treatment.


The region and degree of knee pain might vary based on the underlying reason. The following signs and symptoms may occur in conjunction with knee pain −

  • Stiffness and swelling

  • Weakness or instability is characterized by redness and warmth to the touch.

  • Noises such as popping or cracking

  • Inability to completely extend the knee

Managing the Symptoms

Weight Management

Carrying additional body weight increases the likelihood of developing joint discomfort in the initial place. If you currently experience joint pain, being overweight might aggravate it. Even a tiny percentage of weight loss can significantly impact knee discomfort.


Several individuals believe that using ice to treat short-term knee discomfort is beneficial. Ice packs may be formed by placing ice cubes in a polythene bag or a damp tea cloth. You might also utilize a package of frozen peas or a pharmacy-prepared pack.

Apply a tiny quantity of oil to the area wherever the ice pack will be put. Do not use oil if your skin is injured or you have sutures. Rather, cover the area with a polythene bag to keep it from becoming wet.

When to Consult a Doctor?

Knee pain frequently goes away independently with a few self-help approaches. If you require assistance, consult a physio or a primary care physician. You can pay to visit a health professional individually. You do not need a doctor's recommendation to accomplish this. If the discomfort is severe or persistent, you should consult your doctor.

Please get in touch with your doctor if you −

  • You can't bear pressure on the knee; it feels unsteady or gives out.

  • Had significant knee edema

  • You can't fully stretch or bend your knee.

  • See a visible abnormality in your leg or knee.

  • You experience fever, redness, soreness, and inflammation in your knee.

  • Have significant knee pain as a result of an accident.


Your physician can typically identify your knee condition based on your signs and a visual inspection. Doctors sometimes recommend testing or a scan to verify a diagnosis, particularly if much-specialized therapy is required.


If your pain persists, your physician might suggest therapies to address the fundamental basis of the knee's discomfort. This might include attempting to strengthen the hip muscles or assisting with feet issues, which can cause knee discomfort. A physician will recommend therapy depending on the cause of your pain.

  • Pain Killers − If the discomfort is severe, you may be given harsher pain relievers like codeine. Since it contains more adverse effects than normal analgesics, it can only be given for a limited period. Your physician will most likely recommend alternative therapies to address the underlying reasons for your pain.

  • Physiotherapy − Physiotherapy may be beneficial based on what triggered your knee discomfort and where some of your knees suffer. A physiotherapist can provide guidance that is specific to your circumstance.

Your physiotherapist may recommend the following treatments −

A curriculum of workouts customized to one's specific needs - relying on what has caused the knee troubles, this could require a while taping of the kneecap - this consists of implementing sticky tape placed above a white the kneecap to modify how your kneecap sits or continues to move brace - these can be purchased from sports stores, pharmacists, and online stores. However, they're not appropriate for everybody or all knee troubles. To understand whether a brace is right for you, visit your physician or physiotherapist.


Knee discomfort might interfere with everyday routines if not detected and treated promptly. Home cures are an alternative to medications, treatment, injections, and surgeries. Rest is vital for healing knee discomfort. You can use ice or warmth treatment to relieve knee discomfort. A compressive band can also be used to provide knee assistance. Keeping a normal body weight and changing your lifestyle might assist you a lot in reducing knee discomfort.

Updated on: 20-Apr-2023


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