JFreeChart - Database Interface


This chapter explains how you can read simple data from a database table and then use JFreeChart to create a chart of your choice.

Business Data

Consider we have the following MySQL table mobile_tbl(mobile_brand VARCHAR(100) NOT NULL, unit_sale INT NO NULL);

Consider this table is having the following records −

Mobile Brands Unit Sales
IPhone5S 20
Samsung Grand 20
MotoG 40
Nokia Lumia 10

Chart Generation Using Database

Following is the code to create a Pie Chart based on the information provided in mobile_tbl table available in test_db in a MySQL database. Based on your requirements, you can use any other database.

import java.io.*; 
import java.sql.*; 

import org.jfree.chart.ChartUtilities;
import org.jfree.chart.ChartFactory; 
import org.jfree.chart.JFreeChart; 
import org.jfree.data.general.DefaultPieDataset;

public class PieChart_DB {
   public static void main( String[ ] args )throws Exception {
      String mobilebrands[] = {
         "IPhone 5s",   
         "SamSung Grand",   
         "Nokia Lumia" 
      /* Create MySQL Database Connection */
      Class.forName( "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" );
      Connection connect = DriverManager.getConnection( 
         "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/jf_testdb" ,     
      Statement statement = connect.createStatement( );
      ResultSet resultSet = statement.executeQuery("select * from mobile_data" );
      DefaultPieDataset dataset = new DefaultPieDataset( );
      while( resultSet.next( ) ) {
         resultSet.getString( "mobile_brand" ) ,
         Double.parseDouble( resultSet.getString( "unit_sale" )));
      JFreeChart chart = ChartFactory.createPieChart(
         "Mobile Sales",   // chart title           
         dataset,          // data           
         true,             // include legend          
         false );

      int width = 560;    /* Width of the image */
      int height = 370;   /* Height of the image */ 
      File pieChart = new File( "Pie_Chart.jpeg" );
      ChartUtilities.saveChartAsJPEG( pieChart , chart , width , height );

Let us keep the above Java code in PieChart_DB.java file, and then compile and run it from the command prompted as −

$javac PieChart_DB.java  
$java PieChart_DB

If everything is fine, it will compile and run to create a JPEG image file named Pie_Chart.jpeg having the following chart.

JFreeChart Database Interface