John Keats is one of the famous Romantic Age poets, like P. B.Shelley, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Lord Byron etc. He is" a poet of Odes" and also may be called as "a poet of pains".
In one of his famous odes, namely Ode on a Grecian Urn, Keats uses these lines in the end,
“Beauty is truth, truth beauty, - that is all
Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know”.
These lines are one of the most touched upon by various critics as some feel it is written in double quotes, so it is the urn speaking, while the others feel it is Keats’ way of giving more attention to his idea of the relation of truth and beauty.
Through these lines, which are so difficult to explain, Keats seems to tell that urn is picturesque with various images like that of ‘Sylvian historian’ , ‘ lover’ etc, which are beautiful and since they are objects of art, so they are even true, as they are going to be there forever. For example, the beauty of the beloved will never fade away, if that beloved is embroidered on the urn, similarly there will be always immortality of art.
This relation between truth and beauty is also emphasized in Hindu – Sanskrit saying of ‘Satyam Shivam Sundaram’ , which deciphers as follows −
'Satyam' is that which exists forever the same, unaltered by the ravages of time and space, or it is the existence on which everything exists. This truth of immortality is called 'Shivam', which is the most serene and pure. The ‘shivam’ hence becomes the cause for the prosperity and utmost happiness. Now once, a person knows the mystery of 'Satyam' and 'Shivam', automatically truth makes everything beautiful. So ‘Sundaram’