Instruction type STA a16 in 8085 Microprocessor

In 8085 Instruction set, STA is a mnemonic that stands for STore Accumulator contents in memory. In this instruction,Accumulator8-bit content will be stored to a memory location whose 16-bit address is indicated in the instruction as a16. This instruction uses absolute addressing for specifying the destination. This instruction occupies 3-Bytes of memory. First Byte is required for the opcode, and next successive 2-Bytes provide the 16-bit address divided into 8-bits each consecutively.

Mnemonics, Operand Opcode(in HEX) Bytes
STA Address 32 3

Let us consider STA 4050H as an example instruction of this type. It is a 3-Byte instruction. The first Byte will contain the opcode hex value 32H. As in 8085 assembly language coding supports low order Byte of the address should be mentioned at first then the high order Byte of the address should be mentioned next. So next Byte in memory will hold 50H and after that 40H will be kept in the last third Byte. Let us suppose the initial content of Accumulator is ABH and initial content of memory location 4050H is CDH. So after execution, Accumulator content will remain as ABH and 4050H location’s content will become ABH replacing its previous content CDH. The content tracing of this instruction has been shown below −

Before After
(4050H) CDH ABH

Address Hex Codes Mnemonic Comment
2008 2A STA 4050H Content of the memory location 4050H <- A
2009 50 Low order Byte of the address
200A 40 High order Byte of the address

The timing diagram of this instruction STA 4050H is as follows −


Summary − So this instruction SDA 4050H requires 3-Bytes, 4-Machine Cycles (Opcode Fetch, Memory Read, Memory Read, Memory Write) and 13 T-States for execution as shown in the timing diagram.

Samual Sam
Samual Sam

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