How to bundle a Python Tkinter application including dependencies?

TkinterPythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Let us suppose we have created a tkinter application and now, we want to bundle the standalone application to make it portable and executable. We can use different Python packages that support various functionality to bundle the whole application code into an executable installer. These packages compress the code and convert the standalone application into an executable code.

For a Windows-based user, we can use py2exe; for Linux, we can use Freeze; and for Mac, we can use py2app.

Example

In this example, we have created a Windows-based application that prints “Hello World” on the screen. Initially, we will create a setup.py file in the same directory where the main application file exists. Then, we will extend the functionality of the main application file by passing the filename as the parameter in the setup.py.

setup.py

from distutils.core import setup
import py2exe

setup(console=['main_app.py'])

Now, type and run setup.py with the py2exe package in the command shell. After running the command, it will create a dist folder in the same directory which contains an executable file named as “main_app.exe”.

main_app.py

#Import the tkinter library
from tkinter import *

#Create an instance of tkinter frame
win = Tk()

#Set the geometry
win.geometry("600x400")

def present():
   Label(win, text="Hello World", font=('Times New Roman bold',30)).pack(pady=10)

Button(win, text="Click Me", command= present).pack(pady=20)
win.mainloop()

Output

Running the main_app.exe file will open the following window with a Button and a Label in it.

raja
Published on 26-Mar-2021 11:20:14
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