How do I put a circle with annotation in matplotlib?

MatplotlibPythonData Visualization

To put a circle with annotation in matplotlib, we can take the following steps −

  • Set the figure size and adjust the padding between and around the subplots.
  • Create data points using numpy.
  • Get the point coordinate to put circle with annotation.
  • Get the current axis.
  • Plot the data and data points using plot() method.
  • Set X and Y axes scale.
  • To put a circled marker, use the plot() method with marker='o' and some properties.
  • Annotate that circle (Step 7) with arrow style.
  • To display the figure, use show() method.


import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

plt.rcParams["figure.figsize"] = [7.00, 3.50]
plt.rcParams["figure.autolayout"] = True

data = np.array([[5, 3, 4, 4, 6],
   [1, 5, 3, 2, 2]])
point = data[:, 2]
ax = plt.gca()
ax.plot(data[0], data[1], 'o', ms=10, color='red')

ax.set_xlim([2, 8])
ax.set_ylim([0, 6])
radius = 15

ax.plot(point[0], point[1], 'o',
   ms=radius * 2, mec='yellow', mfc='none', mew=2)

ax.annotate('Circled Marker', xy=point, xytext=(60, 60),
   textcoords='offset points',
   color='green', size='large',
      facecolor='b', shrinkB=radius * 1.2)


It will produce the following output

Published on 18-Sep-2021 12:42:22