how can I design custom toast message in Android?

AndroidMobile DevelopmentProgramming

Before getting into Custom Toast, we should know about what is toast. Toast is used to display message on current screen for sometime. After some time it doing to disappear. In this example we can learn how to customize toast message.

This example demonstrate about how to create custom toast message in android.

Step 1 − Create a new project in Android Studio, go to File ⇒ New Project and fill all required details to create a new project.

Step 2 − Add the following code to res/layout/activity_main.xml.

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "utf-8"?>
<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout
   xmlns:android = "http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" xmlns:tools =    "http://schemas.android.com/tools" android:layout_width = "match_parent"
   android:layout_height = "match_parent">
   <LinearLayout
      android:layout_width = "match_parent"
      android:layout_height = "match_parent"
      android:background = "#797979"
      android:gravity = "center"
      android:orientation = "vertical">
      <Button
         android:id = "@+id/showToast"
         android:text = "Show Toast"
         android:layout_width = "wrap_content"
         android:layout_height = "wrap_content" />
   </LinearLayout>
</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>

Step 3 − Add the following code to src/MainActivity.java

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.Toast;
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
   @Override
   protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
      setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
      Button button = findViewById(R.id.showToast);
      button.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
         @Override
         public void onClick(View v) {
            LayoutInflater li = getLayoutInflater();
            View layout = li.inflate(R.layout.custom_toast, (ViewGroup)       findViewById(R.id.custom_toast_layout_id));
            Toast toast = new Toast(getApplicationContext());
            toast.setDuration(Toast.LENGTH_SHORT);
            toast.setView(layout);//setting the view of custom toast layout
            toast.show();
         }
      });
   }
}

Step 4 − Now create custom toast layout in res/layout/ custom_toast.xml and add the following code

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android = "http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   android:id = "@+id/custom_toast_layout_id"
   android:layout_width = "match_parent"
   android:layout_height = "match_parent"
   android:gravity = "center">
   <LinearLayout
      android:layout_width = "wrap_content"
      android:layout_height = "62dp"
      android:gravity = "center"
      android:background = "@drawable/buttonshape"
      android:orientation = "horizontal">
      <ImageView
         android:id = "@+id/imageView"
         android:layout_width = "100dp"
         android:layout_height = "50dp"
         android:scaleType = "fitStart"
         android:src = "@drawable/logo" />
      <TextView
         android:id = "@id/text"
         android:layout_width = "wrap_content"
         android:layout_height = "wrap_content"
         android:layout_marginLeft = "10dp"
         android:layout_marginRight = "20dp"
         android:text = "This is custom toast"
         android:textColor = "#FFF"
         android:textSize = "15sp"
         android:textStyle = "bold" />
   </LinearLayout>
</LinearLayout>

Step 5 − In the above code we added background for layout as buttonshape in drawable so create a xml file in drawable as buttonshape.xml and add the following code

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android = "http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:shape = "rectangle" >
   <corners
      android:radius = "14dp"
   />
   <gradient
      android:angle = "45"
      android:centerX = "%"
      android:centerColor = "#47A891"
      android:startColor = "#E8E8E8"
      android:endColor = "#000000"
      android:type = "linear"/>
   <padding
      android:left = "0dp"
      android:top = "0dp"
      android:right = "0dp"
      android:bottom = "0dp"/>
   <size
      android:width = "270dp"
      android:height = "60dp"/>
   <stroke
      android:width = "3dp"
      android:color = "#878787"/>
   </shape>

Let's try to run your application. I assume you have connected your actual Android Mobile device with your computer. To run the app from android studio, open one of your project's activity files and click Run Play Icon icon from the toolbar. Select your mobile device as an option and then check your mobile device which will display your default screen

Toast

Now click on Show Toast button, it will give custom toast result as shown below

Custom Toast

raja
Published on 05-Dec-2018 15:14:23
Advertisements