Difference between HTML and HTTP

HTML and HTTP are related in the sense that HTML is used to create web pages and HTTP is used to transfer these web pages from a server to a client. The HTML programming language is used to generate Web sites, but the HTTP protocol controls how Web data is transferred across the internet. HTML essentially serves as a description language for information supplied through HTTP. In technological terms, HTML and HTTP are two different topics, but with the help of the web pages created using the HTML language it is executed.



The Internet has got a major place in today’s world. Because when people search for any topic they want, the related information regarding the topic is displayed using the web pages. The user may find ease of usage using the visual effects, colors, and fonts used in web pages. And the next question arises which language makes them easier and the answer is HTML. Using HTML, the user can create web pages that can be transferred between the users using the protocol called HTTP.

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

It is the language used to make web pages and applications. HTML improves how the webpage appears to the users of that website.


The users can add more content and structure to the page by using additional HTML elements, according to their needs.

<!DOCTYPE html>
    <h2>Simple code</h2>
    <p>the basic structure followed to create a simple application</p>

Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

The Protocol is involved in distant layers of the Open System Interconnection and TCP/IP model, like the data starts to transfer from the transmitter to the receiver in session layer protocol.

Example of HTML and HTTP Together

  • An HTML web page with links to other web pages may be created by a web developer. When a user clicks on one of those links, their browser makes an HTTP request to the web server in order to access the connected page.

  • A web developer might use HTML to create a web page that contains an embedded video. When a user visits that page, their browser uses HTTP to request the video file from the web server and then plays it on the page using HTML.

Difference between HTML and HTTP

Basic Parameters




HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language.

HTTP is abbreviated as Hyper Text Transfer Protocol.


The language is mainly used to create and structure web pages.

This protocol is used to transfer the data over the internet.


It provides the content and structure of a web page.

It provides the means to transfer content from a web server to a web browser.


It is used by web developers to create web pages.

It is used by web browsers and servers to communicate with each other.

File Extension

The Files are saved with .html or .htm file extension.

Not a file format and does not have a file extension.


Attributes are used to modify the behavior or appearance of tags.

In this protocol, Headers are used in both request and response messages.


The Values are used to specify the content or data associated with tags or attributes.

In response to a request from a client, such as a web browser, a web server will return one of the three−digit HTTP status codes. They serve as a means of communicating the result of the request as well as information on the condition of the requested resource.


It is easy to learn and use. It provides a way to structure and organize content which allows for the creation of interactive and dynamic web pages.

It is a widely used protocol and a Stateless, allowing for greater scalability and flexibility. HTTP supports a range of methods and provides a way to cache data.


It is a limited ability to create complex layouts and designs. Consistency across many web browsers and devices is challenging to achieve. HTML does not provide a way to validate or verify user data.

It is not secure by default a can be slow when transferring large amounts of data. It does not provide a way to maintain the state between requests.


HTML code is used to structure the web page according to the web developer thought or description. These data are transferred between web servers. HTTP provides a way to cache data, reducing the load on web servers and improving performance for users. When large amount of data needs to be transferred the HTTP becomes very slow as it needs to respond to the request raised by the user.

Updated on: 07-Jul-2023


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