Difference Between Cannabidiol and Hemp Oil

Cannabidiol (CBD) and hemp oil are two products derived from the cannabis plant that have gained widespread popularity in recent years due to their potential health benefits. However, many people confuse the two and use the terms interchangeably. In this essay, we will discuss the difference between CBD and hemp oil, their extraction methods, chemical composition, and uses.

What is Cannabidiol?

Cannabidiol oil is extracted from the leaves, stalks and buds of hemp plants. It is quite popular in the medical industry as it is helpful in treatment of inflammatory disorders, anxiety, epilepsy, neurogenerative diseases and seizures without the intoxicating effects of cannabis use.

It is one of at least 113 cannabinoids registered and recognized in hemp plants, accounting for up to forty percent of the plant’s extract.

What is Hemp Oil?

Hemp oil is fabricated from the hemp plant and is extracted from the seeds of the plant. It is used as a cooking ingredient as it is full of nutrients. It offers a nutty and crispy taste to foods and serves as a wonderful replacement for olive oil in raw edibles vegetables (salads).

About 49 percent of the weight of hempseed is an edible oil. It has the potential to be used as a feedstock for the larger production of biodiesel.

Differences: Cannabidiol and Hemp Oil

Firstly, it's important to understand that hemp oil is extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant, while CBD is extracted from the flowers, leaves, and stalks of the cannabis plant. Hemp oil is commonly used in the manufacturing of various products such as skin care, cooking, and supplements. On the other hand, CBD is used mainly for medicinal purposes such as pain relief, anxiety management, and sleep disorders.

Chemical Composition

The chemical composition of CBD and hemp oil is significantly different. Hemp oil is primarily composed of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids, as well as vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin E, potassium, and magnesium. CBD, on the other hand, is a cannabinoid compound that interacts with the body's endocannabinoid system (ECS). It contains little to no THC, which is the psychoactive component found in cannabis that causes a "high." In fact, CBD is often extracted from hemp plants specifically because they contain very low levels of THC.

Extraction Methods

The extraction methods for CBD and hemp oil are also different. Hemp oil is typically extracted through cold pressing, which involves mechanically pressing the hemp seeds to extract the oil. This method does not require any solvents, making it a natural and safe way to extract the oil.

CBD is extracted through several methods, including CO2 extraction, solvent extraction, and olive oil extraction. CO2 extraction is the most common method used, as it produces the purest and most potent form of CBD.

Uses: Cannabidiol and Hemp Oil

As previously mentioned, hemp oil is commonly used in the manufacturing of various products such as skin care, cooking, and supplements. It's rich in essential fatty acids and has a high nutritional value, making it an ideal ingredient in health supplements. Hemp oil is also used in the production of biofuels and as a replacement for petroleum-based products.

CBD, on the other hand, is used mainly for medicinal purposes. It's been shown to have potential benefits for a wide range of health conditions, including chronic pain, anxiety, depression, epilepsy, and cancer-related symptoms. CBD works by interacting with the body's endocannabinoid system, which regulates many bodily functions such as mood, appetite, and sleep. It's important to note that CBD is not a cure-all and should not be used as a replacement for conventional medical treatments.

The following table highlights the major differences between Cannabidiol and Hemp Oil:



Hemp Oil


Cannabidiol is a naturally occurring constituent of cannabis. CBD oil has therapeutic attributes which has sparked worldwide interest in it in the recent years. The product is also non-psychoactive (means it doesn’t produce the ‘high’ associated with cannabis use), and that makes it an effective and safe option for people who are ill and are concerned about the altering impacts of other cannabinoids such as THC.

CBD oils offer a range of health benefits like pain relief, anti-seizure properties, cancer fighting attributes, anxiety control and diabetes treatment.

Hemp oil is a natural oil extracted from the seeds of hemp plant and contains lot of beneficial ingredients like antioxidants and omega 3 and 6 fatty acids.

Hemp oil does not contain the same concentration of cannabinoids present in the medicinal cannabis oils which are derived from the whole plant.

Underlying difference

CBD is used as a medicine

Hemp oil is an ingredient used for both cooking and for manufacturing purpose.


CBD oil is extracted from hemp plants. However, it can be extracted from other cannabis plants as well that contain higher levels of THC.

Hemp oil is always extracted from hemp plants but it does not contain Cannabidiol/ Tetrahydrocannabinol (from the seeds) or high Cannabidiol/trace Tetrahydrocannabinol (from the resin glands).


  • Blocked arteries

  • Cancer cell growth

  • Psoriasis

  • Stress and anxiety

  • It produces anti-psychotic effects. Because of this, it is used to treat schizophrenia,

  • Nervous system degeneration.

  • High blood sugar

  • Insomnia

  • Bacterial infections

  • Helps to treat arthritis (Both Rheumatoid arthritis and Osteoarthritis OA)

  • Seizures and convulsions

  • Muscle spasms

  • Relieves chronic pain

  • Psychoses

  • Inflammation

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Low appetite

  • Hemp oil is used as a food stuff and as an industrial product. As a foodstuff, hemp oil is quite high in Vitamin B1, B2, E, Potassium, Magnesium and Polyunsaturated fats (omega-3 and omega-6)

  • Hemp oil reduces inflammation and fights cancer

  • It addresses the issue of hormonal imbalance

  • It eases PMS

  • Hemp oil is full of immune-boosting essential fatty acids

  • It offers nutritional supplements to the brain

  • Moisturizes skin

  • Promotes a very healthy immune system

  • Hemp oil prevents degenerative conditions in the heart and other organs of the body

  • Alleviates blood fat levels

  • Gamma linoleic acid, found in hemp oil, helps in fighting psoriasis,

  • Hemp oil finds its application in several industrial purposes, including use in shampoos, soaps, lotions, plastics, bio-diesel fuel, and paint.

Risk factors

  • Consuming more than the prescribed dosage inhibits the function and role of cytochrome P450, an important liver enzyme.

  • The other common side effects are tiredness, diarrhoea, and changes in appetite and weight—so it is advisable not to consume more than you need.

  • Dryness in mouth

  • Patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease can have harmful impacts if they consumer higher dosage of CBD. Tremors and muscle motions get worsened in patients experiencing Parkinson’s disorder

  • Low blood pressure

  • Since it is a pain reliever, it can cause some level of drowsiness if consumed in higher dosage

  • Affect the blood’s potential to clot (rare)

  • Contains elevated amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids

  • Hemp oil causes digestive disorders

  • It can produce harmful peroxides under high heat

CBD content

CBD oil can be up to fifteen percent CBD.

Hemp oil contains low amounts of CBD − typically less than twenty parts per million.


In conclusion, CBD and hemp oil are two different products that are often confused with each other. Hemp oil is primarily composed of fatty acids and is commonly used in the manufacturing of various products such as skin care, cooking, and supplements. CBD, on the other hand, is a cannabinoid compound that interacts with the body's endocannabinoid system and has potential health benefits for a wide range of conditions.

While both products are derived from the cannabis plant, they have distinct chemical compositions, extraction methods, and uses. It's important to understand the differences between CBD and hemp oil to make informed decisions when using these products.

Updated on: 12-May-2023


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