Difference between Big Data and Cloud Computing

Big Data is the process of managing massive amounts of data in an efficient manner, while Cloud Computing is the process of storing and managing the data resources and models that are stored on distant servers and infrastructures.

Data from social media platforms, e-commerce platforms and enterprises, methods for determining the weather, Internet of Things sensors, and other domains are all examples of applications for big data. With the help of big data, platforms can be centralized, backups can be made, and maintenance can be handled in a way that saves money.

What is Big Data?

"Big Data" is short for very large and ever-increasing quantities of data that a company or other institution collects but is unable to examine using more conventional approaches. Big Data, which encompasses both structured and unstructured data types, is often the raw material that businesses use to perform analytics on in order to extract insights that might assist them in developing more effective business strategies. It is more than just an unintended consequence of the processes and uses of technology. One of the most valuable resources in today's world is large amounts of data.


Huge volumes of data serve as the wide base of the pyramid that represents Big Data. Around the year 2012, organisations all over the world started amassing more than three million new pieces of data on a daily basis, which marked the beginning of a meteoric rise in the amount of data that businesses everywhere handle.

Based on what an MBA professor at Antonio de Nebrija University has found, the volume is thought to have doubled about every 40 months since then.


The pace at which new data is created is referred to as its "velocity," and it is measured in bits per second. 

It is not just the quantity of Big Data that may be valuable; the rate at which it is generated, often known as its velocity, is an essential factor. When it comes to gaining a competitive edge, for businesses who want to get important and actionable insights from it, having it be as near as possible to real-time is optimal.


"Variety" refers to the many ways big data may be presented and the many sources a company can use. This includes mobile phones, home gadgets, social media, stock ticker data, and financial data. The source's importance must match the company being studied. A retailer must consider social media input on a new apparel line. A manufacturer wouldn't benefit from monitoring social media..


A lack of veracity casts doubt on the reliability and precision of the data. Data that has been thoroughly cleaned is the most reliable. In order for businesses to be able to trust their data, they need to connect, clean, and convert it across all of their systems. For them to maintain control over their data, hierarchies and numerous data links are necessary.


The highest point of the pyramid is where you can get the most value, which is when you can take actionable business insights from a flood of data.

Businesses that are able to make money off of the insights that may be gleaned from large amounts of data are valuable. They continue to make services that are more useful while also learning more about their customers.

What is Cloud Computing?

Simply described, cloud computing is the distribution of computer services via the internet (often known as "the cloud") to enable speedier innovation, flexible resources, and economies of scale. These services include servers, storage, databases, networking, software, analytics, and intelligence. Usually, you will only be charged for the cloud services that you actually use. This can help you lower your operational costs, make your infrastructure run more efficiently, and scale up or down as your business's needs change.

Services Provided by Cloud Computing

Cloud computing represents a significant paradigm change from the conventional approach that firms use to think about their information technology resources. Here are seven of the most common reasons why companies are turning to cloud computing services −

  • Performance − Popular cloud computing services are backed by a worldwide infrastructure of reliable data centres updated with the latest hardware to maximise speed and efficiency. This reduces network latency for applications and increases economies of scale compared to a single datacentre.

  • Speed − Most cloud services are self-service and on-demand. Even enormous computer resources may be deployed in minutes with a few mouse clicks. This gives the companies flexibility and reduces their capacity planning stress.

  • Cost − Cloud computing removes the need for upfront investments in hardware and software, as well as the cost of constructing and maintaining on-premises data centres, complete with racks of servers, round-the-clock electricity for power and cooling, and information technology specialists to manage the infrastructure. The cost may quickly build up.

  • Global Scale − Using cloud services allows for elastic growth. In cloud computing, this means supplying the right amount of computing power, storage space, and bandwidth as needed from the right geographic location.

  • Security − Numerous cloud service providers make available a comprehensive collection of security policies, technologies, and controls that work together to improve your organization's overall security posture. This, in turn, helps protect your data, apps, and infrastructure from any potential dangers that may arise.

  • Reliability − Because data may be duplicated at numerous redundant locations on the network of the cloud provider, cloud computing enables data backup, disaster recovery, and business continuity simpler and less costly.

Difference between Big Data and Cloud Computing

The following table highlights the major differences between Big Data and Cloud Computing −

Parameters of comparison
Big Data
Cloud Computing
It refers to the processing of massive amounts of data using a variety of methods to organise, store, examine, and maintain the data.
Utilization of computer services such as storage, servers, software, networks, and analytics is what this term refers to.
The factors of volume, diversity, velocity, authenticity, and value are all taken into consideration.
Adaptability, cost reduction, independence from devices and locations, simplicity of maintenance, multitenancy, greater productivity, and security are some of the benefits.
Reduced costs and times, increased data storage capacity, inventive product creation, and effective decision-making are some of the benefits.
It offers opportunities for innovation as well as economies that are scalable and resources that are adaptable. It allows for the operation of the infrastructure in a more effective and efficient manner.
There are three primary type of data − structured data, unstructured data, and semi-structured data.
Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (Paas), Software as a Service (SaaS)", and Serverless are the four primary categories.


The terms "big data" and "cloud computing" are often used interchangeably, yet they serve distinct purposes. Both of these services are necessary components in the transmission, processing, and transfer of data processes. They assure us that the transfer will be successful and efficient. The integration and virtualization of resources is what makes Cloud Computing a useful tool for Big Data.

Updated on: 06-Jul-2022

2K+ Views

Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Get Started