Difference between Big Data and Hadoop

Big Data and Hadoop are the two most frequently used phrases today. Both are interconnected in such a way that Big Data cannot be handled without the assistance of Hadoop. Big Data is a term used to describe a collection of large and complex data sets that are difficult to store and process using conventional database management technologies or traditional data processing applications.

Collecting, selecting, storing, searching, exchanging, transferring, evaluating, and visualizing the data is part of the challenge. We are surrounded by a huge amount of information in today's digital environment. The fast expansion of the Internet and the Internet of Things (IoT), in addition to the widespread use of digital media, has led to the development of e-commerce and social media.

Consequently, enormous amounts of information were created and continue to be produced regularly. However, data is ineffective unless you possess the ability to evaluate it. Data in its present state is raw data, the majority being user-generated information that needs to be analyzed and preserved. Big data and Hadoop are two of the most commonly used words, and they are closely interconnected in such a way that Big data would have no meaning or value without Hadoop.

Considering Big Data to be a high-value asset, you need a technique to derive some value from it. So, Apache Hadoop is a utility device designed to get the most value from big data. Big data refers to enormous, complicated data sets that are too complicated for typical data processing applications to analyze.

If big data is a highly valuable asset, Hadoop is software or technology that helps to maximize the benefits of that asset. Hadoop is a free and open-source software utility tool that was created to address the issue of storing and processing huge, complicated data collections. Apache Hadoop is the most well-known and commonly used software platform for storing and processing large amounts of data. Big Data is like an umbrella that symbolizes the largest variety of technologies, while Hadoop is just a few frameworks that apply big-data concepts for computing.

Read this article to find out more about Big Data and Hadoop and how they are different from each other.

What is Big Data?

Big Data is a collection of very complex and large data sets that are hard to evaluate and maintain using typical data application services or data management solutions. It has many difficult aspects, such as visualization techniques, analysis, transferring, sharing, finding, storing, filtering, and collecting.

Big Data has numerous applications across various industries, including banking and finance, information technology, shopping, telecommunications, transportation, and medicine. Safeguarding Big Data, Computing Huge Amounts of Data, and Storing Massive volumes of data are all major challenges for Big Data.

Big Data could be used for weather forecasting, cyberattack prevention, Google's self-driving vehicle, research and education, sensor data, text analytics, fraud detection, sentiment analysis, and more. Big data has a massive effect on an organization's decision-making process. Whether in advertising, Business - to - business activities, or insurance and banking, various companies across various sectors are slowly and steadily switching to Big data to improve their decision-making skills.

The High-Performance Computing Cluster architecture is a free source. HPCC uses Big Data software to achieve spectacular achievements such as high speed, application distribution, and data-parallel computing using Big Data.

What is Hadoop?

Hadoop is an open-source software platform for storing and analyzing Big Data on huge clusters of common hardware in a distributed manner. The Apache v2 license applies to Hadoop. Hadoop was formed based on a paper written by Google on the MapReduce system and uses functional programming concepts.

Hadoop is a Java-based project which ranks among the highest-level Apache projects. One of the newcomers' most popular subjects of discussion is the relationship between Big Data and Hadoop. The distinction between these two strongly linked concepts is rather interesting. Big data is a valuable asset that is worthless without successful handling.

One of the main reasons driving the growing popularity of Hadoop. Unlike many other frameworks, Hadoop can effectively split a consumer job into multiple separate subtasks. The data components are then assigned various subtasks. This allows for the translation of a little quantity of code to information, resulting in less network traffic.

Another common advantage of Hadoop is its capacity to handle huge amounts of data quickly and easily because of its distributed storage design. It also has features that enable it to divide the input data into several chunks, which may then be used to store the information across multiple nodes

Differences between Big Data and Hadoop

The following table highlights the major differences between Big Data and Hadoop −


Big Data



Big Data is just a large amount of information that could be unorganized or structured.

Hadoop is a framework used for converting Big Data into a more meaningful concept.


Big Data is incredibly difficult to store since information often occurs in both unorganized and structured forms.

Apache Hadoop HDFS can store large amounts of data.


Big Data has no value until it has the potential to make money after it has been processed.

Hadoop is a platform that can manage and process massive amounts of Big Data.

Ease of access

Big data is very tough and complex to access and the rate of accessibility is low.

When compared to alternative solutions, the Hadoop framework allows for faster data processing and accessibility.


Facebook, which produces 500 TB of data per day, and the airline industry, which generates 10 TB of data every half an hour, both utilize Big Data. Each year, 2.5 quintillion bytes of information are generated in the world.

Companies that use Hadoop include IBM, AOL, Amazon, Facebook, and Yahoo.


To survive in today's highly competitive market, every Business must keep one step ahead of its competition. This is where Big Data comes in.

Using massive amounts of data obtained with the use of Big data analytics not only helps you understand your consumers' problem areas but it also yields beneficial insights for your Business. Apache Hadoop is a Big Data solution that is never an issue. Consequently, we may expect data transformation in the next few years by using Hadoop as a Big Data solution.