Difference between Autonomous Consumption and Induced Consumption

The amount of money people spend fluctuates throughout time. The more disposable income a population has, the more it will spend. To put it another way, when people have a lot of money lying about, they tend to spend it on things that aren't quite necessary.

On the other hand, when funds are tight, individuals prioritize survival over luxury purchases. We call spending that comes from inside and is not driven by any external factors "autonomous consumption," whereas spending is motivated from without and is known as "induced consumption." This article will compare and contrast autonomous consumption with induced consumption.

What is Autonomous Consumption?

It doesn't matter if a person has the means to pay for these things or not. This category includes having a safe and secure place to live, food, clothing, and medical care. They are considered self-reliant because of their role in ensuring the maintenance of a minimum standard of living.

To keep up with the same standard of life they had before they lost their work, someone who suddenly stops receiving an income could be forced to borrow money or use their savings. The majority of individuals face the challenge of dissaving, defined as spending all of one's income on necessities, because of the common occurrence of this issue after the practice of free spending. One potential consequence is taking on too much debt.

The following are some of the elements that affect individual consumption levels −

  • What a person's savings account balance currently is.

  • If one's income drops, one may find it difficult to buy food and shelter.

  • Debts in the form of owed money or invoices

  • The likelihood of future income, which might lead to a rise in debt.

People's responses to the problem of self-sufficient consumption vary widely. Most people, however, are forced to modify their spending patterns, such as cutting back on food, cutting back on or eliminating the use of certain utilities, or even downsizing their living quarters to save money on housing costs.

What is Induced Consumption?

There is a clear correlation between a person's salary and the amount of money spent on a wide variety of consumer items. Income-driven consumption rises as a consequence of a rise in income, whereas income-driven consumption falls as a result of a fall in income.

This trend illustrates how people's propensity to spend develops along with their wealth, as they can afford ever-more-luxurious lives and more frequent and costly purchases.

The available revenue drops to zero when induced consumption is at a standstill. This is a good moment to consider putting away more money or investing more.

Other instances of induced expenditures include government purchases, investment funds, and net exports.

Differences: Autonomous consumption and Induced consumption

Both terms refer to how customers' purchasing habits are influenced by their income levels. The following table highlights how Autonomous Consumption is different from Induced Consumption −

Characteristics Autonomous consumption Induced consumption
Definition Autonomous consumption refers to the purchase of necessities such as food, shelter, and clothing that must be made independently of a person's financial situation. Utilities, water, electricity, a roof over your head, and a bed to sleep in are all examples of basic essentials. Economists use the phrase "induced consumption" to describe how much money a person spends on products and services.
Types of products Autonomous consumerism includes the acquisition of necessities including clothing, a place to sleep, food, medical treatment, and utility services. Induced consumption refers to purchasing commodities that are not strictly necessary but are desired by the consumer.
Level of income There is a correlation between having a low or nonexistent income and self−directed spending. Induced consumption is more common among those who have access to disposable income after covering necessary expenses.


Autonomous consumption refers to the purchase of necessities such as food, shelter, and clothing that must be made independently of a person's financial situation. Some examples of these requirements are housing, food, clothing, healthcare, and the means to pay for basic services.

Currently, people need to reduce wasteful spending on things like unused subscriptions. The phrase "induced consumption" is used to describe when a person's level of income influences the quantity spent on products and services. To take advantage of the increased liquidity, investors and savers would do well to boost their current contributions.