Hacking Monoalphabetic Cipher


In this chapter, you will learn about monoalphabetic cipher and its hacking using Python.

Monoalphabetic Cipher

A Monoalphabetic cipher uses a fixed substitution for encrypting the entire message. A monoalphabetic cipher using a Python dictionary with JSON objects is shown here −

monoalpha_cipher = {
   'a': 'm',
   'b': 'n',
   'c': 'b',
   'd': 'v',
   'e': 'c',
   'f': 'x',
   'g': 'z',
   'h': 'a',
   'i': 's',
   'j': 'd',
   'k': 'f',
   'l': 'g',
   'm': 'h',
   'n': 'j',
   'o': 'k',
   'p': 'l',
   'q': 'p',
   'r': 'o',
   's': 'i',
   't': 'u',
   'u': 'y',
   'v': 't',
   'w': 'r',
   'x': 'e',
   'y': 'w',
   'z': 'q',
	' ': ' ',

With help of this dictionary, we can encrypt the letters with the associated letters as values in JSON object. The following program creates a monoalphabetic program as a class representation which includes all the functions of encryption and decryption.

from string import letters, digits
from random import shuffle

def random_monoalpha_cipher(pool = None):
   if pool is None:
      pool = letters + digits
   original_pool = list(pool)
   shuffled_pool = list(pool)
   return dict(zip(original_pool, shuffled_pool))

def inverse_monoalpha_cipher(monoalpha_cipher):
   inverse_monoalpha = {}
   for key, value in monoalpha_cipher.iteritems():
      inverse_monoalpha[value] = key
   return inverse_monoalpha

def encrypt_with_monoalpha(message, monoalpha_cipher):
   encrypted_message = []
   for letter in message:
      encrypted_message.append(monoalpha_cipher.get(letter, letter))
   return ''.join(encrypted_message)

def decrypt_with_monoalpha(encrypted_message, monoalpha_cipher):
   return encrypt_with_monoalpha(

This file is called later to implement the encryption and decryption process of Monoalphabetic cipher which is mentioned as below −

import monoalphabeticCipher as mc

cipher = mc.random_monoalpha_cipher()
encrypted = mc.encrypt_with_monoalpha('Hello all you hackers out there!', cipher)
decrypted = mc.decrypt_with_monoalpha('sXGGt SGG Nt0 HSrLXFC t0U UHXFX!', cipher)



You can observe the following output when you implement the code given above −


Thus, you can hack a monoalphabetic cipher with specified key value pair which cracks the cipher text to actual plain text.