- Trending Categories
- Data Structure
- Operating System
- MS Excel
- C Programming
- Social Studies
- Fashion Studies
- Legal Studies
- Selected Reading
- UPSC IAS Exams Notes
- Developer's Best Practices
- Questions and Answers
- Effective Resume Writing
- HR Interview Questions
- Computer Glossary
- Who is Who
Could You Have a Bowel Obstruction?
Food not moving through the intestines or gut may cause face bowel obstructions. Several factors can cause bowel obstructions, such as tumors, bowel cancer, hernias, adhesions, or other health conditions diagnosed by your health specialist.
The common cause may be the fibrous tissue bands, called Adhesions, in the abdomen forming after surgery or hernia, colon cancer, certain medicines, or inflamed intestine because of Crohn’s disease, which can act as a blockage.
Bowel or Intestine Obstructions
Intestinal obstructions, commonly called bowel obstructions, stop the flow of food and liquid from moving down from the small or large intestine. Bowel obstructions are obstructions in the intestine when something prevents food and fluid from moving through your intestine. Bowel motion blockage can cause cramping, abdominal pain, vomiting, gas, feces, or poo.
A bowel obstruction can call for an emergency. You may need to get hospitalized to treat bowel obstructions and prevent advanced complications. See a doctor if you experience bowel obstruction frequently or if you have the symptoms.
Some severe types of bowel obstruction may lead to serious complications and even death. It may require invasive procedures, such as surgery or other non-invasive procedures, to remove the blockage.
Types of Bowel Obstructions
Blockage in the large or small intestine
Partial blockage is a blockage in some part of the bowel where some feces or poo can pass
A complete blockage means even gas cannot pass through.
A simple blockage is just a blockage
Complex blockage, where the blockage has caused a break in the blood supply to the bowel, causing damage to the bowel.
Bowel Obstruction Symptoms
Symptoms depend on the cause and the location of bowel obstruction,
Obstruction in the Small Bowel
We can feel the symptoms of the obstruction in the small bowel rapidly.
Pain in the abdomen
Upper abdominal pain
Pain around the belly button
Cannot pass the bowel motion or gas
If the pain is persistent and growing, it implies the blockage is cutting off the blood supply to your bowel.
Obstruction in the Large Bowel
The symptoms of the obstruction in the large bowel develop gradually and are typically low in severity.
Constipation that grows from mild to severe until it stops passing the bowel motions or gas
Lower abdominal cramps
Vomiting may start after the other common symptoms
The obstruction in the large bowel can cause persistent pain suddenly. The pain severity depends on the cause.
Causes of Bowel Obstructions if you Have
In adults, the most common causes include −
Other Causes Include
Inflammation in bowel
Bowel disease (Crohn’s disease)
Volvulus (some parts of the bowel twist)
Intussusception (part of the bowel folds in)
Foreign elements or objects swallowed.
Constipation in severe form
Functional obstruction (Bowel muscles not contracting as expected to push feces along)
Mechanical obstructions caused by surgery in the abdomen, injuries, disorder in nerve or muscle, abdominal infection, opioid medications, and low potassium level.
Bowel Obstruction Diagnosis
Discuss with a doctor about your symptoms
X-Ray or CT scan
Bowel Obstruction Treatments
The causes determine the treatment of bowel obstruction. You need to visit a hospital to treat and monitor bowel obstruction.
Bowel Obstruction Hospital Treatments
Monitoring urine output
Intravenous (IV) fluid drip
Medications like anti-nausea and painkillers
Insertion of the nasogastric tube through the nose down to your stomach for severe bloating or vomiting
Surgery (some need immediate surgery, and some start with IV fluids or medicine under supervision for 2-3 days before surgery)
Bowel cancer (needs immediate surgery to eradicate the affected area of the bowel)
If medications and IV fluid help, you may not need any surgery.
Prevention of Bowel Obstruction
You can prevent bowel obstruction even before it occurs. Some of you cannot stop it but mitigate the chance and the severity of the bowel getting blocked.
Fibre is the best food to prevent bowel obstruction.
For narrowed bowel, soluble fiber is the best. Avoid insoluble fiber.
We source insoluble fiber from the rough plant parts.
Insoluble fibers are the skins of fruits and vegetables, wholegrain, nuts, seeds
Insoluble fiber may get blocked in the narrow portion of the bowel and cannot pass.
Ways to Avoid Insoluble Fiber
Peel and cut vegetables fine and in small pieces, and cook them well by removing seeds
Avoid swallowing, chew food well in the mouth before ingesting
Avoid hard and stringy food
Avoid nuts and seeds
Avoid whole grains and eat white bread, pasta rice.
Drink fluids and water to avoid constipation caused by these types of diets
Exercise that helps bowel movement
A doctor may suggest laxative medications
Try natural, herbal, Ayurvedic medicines under a doctor’s supervision
Consult a dietician for a smother diet that helps bowel movement
Prevent the Causes of Bowel Obstruction
Let’s learn some helpful ways to avoid the causes of bowel obstruction as much as possible.
Smoking can cause severe irrevocable constipation.
Smoking can develop bowel cancer or hernia.
To lower the risk of bowel cancer, add dairy products.
Include wholegrain and dietary fiber in your diet.
Avoid red and processed meat.
Maintain weight as per your BMI.
Daily exercise of 30 mins, yoga to promote bowel movement.
Limit alcohol to 2 drinks a day or moderate drinking a week.
Get regular checkups, blood tests, and screening tests to detect symptoms of bowel cancer.
If you experience any symptoms mentioned earlier, consult a doctor immediately.
In the worst bowel obstructions like Crohn’s disease, follow the doctor’s instructions or get admitted to a hospital to keep the condition under control.
No treatment of the affected part of the intestine can cause its death or severe complications. Timely treatment can remove the blockage and its cause and successfully remove the chances of recurrence in the future.
Kickstart Your Career
Get certified by completing the courseGet Started