Convert a Binary Tree to a Circular Doubly Link List in C++

In this tutorial, we will be discussing a program to convert a binary tree to a circular doubly linked list.

For this, we will be provided with a binary tree. Our task will be to convert the left and right nodes to the left and right elements respectively. And take the inorder of the binary tree to be the sequence order of the circular linked list


 Live Demo

using namespace std;
//node structure of the binary tree
struct Node{
   struct Node *left, *right;
   int data;
//appending rightlist to the end of leftlist
Node *concatenate(Node *leftList, Node *rightList){
   //if one list is empty return the other list
   if (leftList == NULL)
      return rightList;
   if (rightList == NULL)
      return leftList;
   Node *leftLast = leftList->left;
   Node *rightLast = rightList->left;
   //connecting leftlist to rightlist
   leftLast->right = rightList;
   rightList->left = leftLast;
   leftList->left = rightLast;
   rightLast->right = leftList;
   return leftList;
//converting to circular linked list and returning the head
Node *bTreeToCList(Node *root){
   if (root == NULL)
      return NULL;
   Node *left = bTreeToCList(root->left);
   Node *right = bTreeToCList(root->right);
   root->left = root->right = root;
   return concatenate(concatenate(left, root), right);
//displaying circular linked list
void print_Clist(Node *head){
   cout << "Circular Linked List is :\n";
   Node *itr = head;
      cout << itr->data <<" ";
      itr = itr->right;
   while (head!=itr);
      cout << "\n";
//creating new node and returning address
Node *newNode(int data){
   Node *temp = new Node();
   temp->data = data;
   temp->left = temp->right = NULL;
   return temp;
int main(){
   Node *root = newNode(10);
   root->left = newNode(12);
   root->right = newNode(15);
   root->left->left = newNode(25);
   root->left->right = newNode(30);
   root->right->left = newNode(36);
   Node *head = bTreeToCList(root);
   return 0;


Circular Linked List is :
25 12 30 10 36 15

Updated on: 02-Jan-2020


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