Program to convert a linked list into a binary search tree in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have a singly linked list where elements are arranged in non-decreasing order, we have to convert it to a height balanced binary search tree. So if the list is like [-10, -3, 0, 5, 9], The possible tree will be like −

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • If the list is empty, then
    • return null
  • Define a recursive method called sortedListToBST() this will take list start node
  • x := address of the previous node of mid node from list a
  • mid := exact mid node
  • create a new node with value by taking from value of mid
  • nextStart := next of mid node
  • set mid next as null
  • right of node := sortedListToBST(nextStart)
  • if x is not null, then
    • next of x = null and left of node := sortedListToBST(a)
  • return node

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

Example

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
class ListNode{
   public:
   int val;
   ListNode *next;
   ListNode(int data){
      val = data;
      next = NULL;
   }
};
ListNode *make_list(vector<int> v){
   ListNode *head = new ListNode(v[0]);
   for(int i = 1; i<v.size(); i++){
      ListNode *ptr = head;
      while(ptr->next != NULL){
         ptr = ptr->next;
      }
      ptr->next = new ListNode(v[i]);
   }
   return head;
}
class TreeNode{
   public:
   int val;
   TreeNode *left, *right;
   TreeNode(int data){
      val = data;
      left = right = NULL;
   }
};
void inord(TreeNode *root){
   if(root != NULL){
      inord(root->left);
      cout << root->val << " ";
      inord(root->right);
   }
}
class Solution {
   public:
   pair <ListNode*, ListNode*> getMid(ListNode* a){
      ListNode* prev = NULL;
      ListNode* fast = a;
      ListNode* slow = a;
      while(fast && fast->next){
         fast = fast->next->next;
         prev = slow;
         slow = slow->next;
      }
      return {prev, slow};
   }
   TreeNode* sortedListToBST(ListNode* a) {
      if(!a)return NULL;
         pair<ListNode*, ListNode*> x = getMid(a);
         ListNode* mid = x.second;
         TreeNode* Node = new TreeNode(mid->val);
         ListNode* nextStart = mid->next;
         mid->next = NULL;
         Node->right = sortedListToBST(nextStart);
         if(x.first){
            x.first->next = NULL;
            Node->left = sortedListToBST(a);
      }
      return Node;
   }
};
main(){
   vector<int> v = {-10,-3,0,5,9};
   ListNode *head = make_list(v);
   Solution ob;
   inord(ob.sortedListToBST(head));
}

Input

[-10,-3,0,5,9]

Output

-10 -3 0 5 9
raja
Published on 19-Nov-2020 07:10:42

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