Common Types of Vaginal Infections

The invasion and growth of microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites within the body of a host organism is referred to as an infection. A variety of bodily systems, including the skin, respiratory tract, digestive system, and urinary tract, are susceptible to infections, which can range in severity from moderate to life-threatening.

Microorganisms can harm tissues, interfere with healthy physical processes, and start an immunological reaction when they enter the body. Depending on the type and severity of the infection, different symptoms may be present, but they typically include fever, chills, exhaustion, pain, swelling, redness, and discharge.

The air, contaminated food or drink, direct touch with an infected person or contaminated surface are just a few of the ways that infections can spread. Certain infections can be avoided by taking precautions including getting vaccinated, practising good hygiene, and avoiding contact with infectious people or objects.

Certain infections can cause catastrophic complications, like sepsis or organ failure, if left untreated. If you think you might have an infection, you should consult a doctor right once, especially if you have a compromised immune system or other underlying medical issues.

Vaginal Infection

An infection of the vagina, which is the muscular canal between the vulva (external genitalia) and the cervix, is referred to as a vaginal infection (the opening to the uterus). Infections in the vaginal area are a frequent condition that can be brought on by a number of things, such as bacteria, fungus, viruses, or other creatures.

Common Types of Vaginal Infections

Following are the common types of vaginal infections −

  • Bacterial vaginosis (BV) − Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is an infection brought on by an overabundance of unfavourable microorganisms in the vagina. It is the most typical kind of vaginal infection, and its signs can include a fishy odour, burning, itching, and a thin, grayish-white discharge.

  • Yeast infections − They are brought on by an overabundance of yeast, most frequently the species Candida. Itching, burning, and a thick, white discharge are just a few of the symptoms of yeast infections.

  • Trichomoniasis − Trichomoniasis is a parasite-based sexually transmitted infection that can result in symptoms like burning, itching, and frothy, yellow-green discharge.

  • Atrophic vaginitis − This disorder can happen after menopause when the body generates less oestrogen, which causes the vaginal walls to weaken and inflame. During sex, it may result in feelings including itchiness, burning, dryness, and pain.

  • Non-infectious vaginitis − This condition can be brought on by a number of things, including sensitivities to specific products or irritability to douching or other vaginal cleaning techniques. It may result in sensations including burning, redness, and itching.

Depending on the type of infection, the symptoms of a vaginal infection may include burning, itching, redness, swelling, and abnormal discharge. Using cotton underwear, avoiding scented goods, and maintaining good cleanliness are all examples of lifestyle adjustments that might help treat vaginal infections.

Other possible treatments include drugs like antibiotics or antifungals. If you think you have a vaginal infection, it's crucial to visit a doctor right away because untreated infections can cause problems and raise your risk of contracting other infections or STDs.

How to Cure Vaginal Infections?

Depending on the sort of infection you have, vaginal infections require different treatments. Following are some typical medical options −

  • Bacterial vaginosis (BV) − Antibiotics are used to treat BV, either orally or topically with creams or gels. Even if your symptoms go better, it's still crucial to finish the entire antibiotic course.

  • Yeast infections − Antifungal over-the-counter drugs, such as creams or suppositories, can be used to treat yeast infections. Your healthcare professional can recommend stronger antifungal drugs if your symptoms worsen.

  • Trichomoniasis − Tinidazole or metronidazole, two oral medicines, are used to treat this infection. To avoid re-infection, sexual partners should also receive treatment.

  • Atrophic vaginitis − Usually, oestrogen medication in the form of a topical cream, pill, or ring is used to treat atrophic vaginitis. It is also possible to use vaginal lubricants and moisturisers to reduce symptoms.

  • Non-infectious vaginitis − This kind of vaginitis is frequently treated by figuring out what irritants are making the inflammation and eliminating them. Douching, avoiding the use of scented goods, and using mild, soothing soaps and detergents can all be beneficial.


It's crucial to see a doctor if you think you have a vaginal infection so they can identify the problem and recommend the best course of action. If left untreated, some illnesses, such as sexually transmitted infections, might have negative effects and can cause problems and raise your risk of contracting other infections or STDs. To identify the infection's nature and the best course of action, they can conduct tests and a physical examination.

Updated on: 14-Apr-2023


Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Get Started