Circular (polar) histogram in Python

To plot circular (polar) histogram in Python, we can take the following steps−

  • Create data points for theta, radii and width using numpy.
  • Add a subplot to the current figure, where projection='polar' and nrows=1, ncols=1 and index=1.
  • . Make a bar plot using bar() method, with theta, radii and width data points
  • Iterate radii and bars after zipping them together and set the face color of the bar and the alpha value. Lesser the alpha value, greater the transparency.
  • To display the figure, use show() method.


import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
plt.rcParams["figure.figsize"] = [7.00, 3.50]
plt.rcParams["figure.autolayout"] = True
N = 20
theta = np.linspace(0.0, 2 * np.pi, N, endpoint=False)
radii = 10 * np.random.rand(N)
width = np.pi / 4 * np.random.rand(N)
ax = plt.subplot(111, projection='polar')
bars =, radii, width=width, bottom=0.0)
for r, bar in zip(radii, bars):
bar.set_facecolor( / 10.0))


Updated on: 06-May-2021

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